Tag Archives: motor electric

China Customized Walking Speed Electric Motor Driving Wheelbarrow Machinery Rear Wheel Axles with 24V500w BLDC Motor and Split Gearbox axle shaft

Use: Trailer Elements
Components: Trailer Axles
OE NO.: MK
Max Payload: 5
One particular-Cease Support

Packaging & S750 48V 10KW H2o Sea Sporting activities RC Water-resistant Surf Board Thruster DC Brushless Rubber Boat Motor Shipping and delivery
one) We acknowledge ship your cargo by DHL, FEDEX, UPS, TNT,EMS Categorical Courier, or By Air,By Ship,other kind of shipping and delivery according to your requirements2) To Avoid any errors for supply,prior to cargo,kindly advise the element details about your Company Identify/Company Address/Postal Code/Phone&Mobile Variety/Email/Tax Amount/Get in touch with Man or woman Name,and so forth.3) We take wonderful treatment in packaging every single merchandise to make certain protected shipment to you.
Certifications
Company Information

Firm Profile
We,Michael Equipment,as a sub-business of CZPT Investment Group, is a proffessional spare elements supplier to all kinds of vehicles and equipment because 1990.
Once more,we are the leader of axle manufactor in China, 10 Inch 500W 60V Potent Dc Brushless Electric powered Wheel Hub Motor and maintain long-phrase cooperation with plenty of motor vehicle spare parts factories,we can give you one-cease obtain provider to total motor vehicle chassis spare areas,
” Reputable-High quality, Resonable-Value, Quick-Shipping ” is our services idea, after far more than thirty a long time improvements,we are the main supplier to car industries & reffitting factories at home and abroard,
Welcome to pay a visit to our factory for organization together.

FAQQ1. What is actually the MOQ? Can I acquire 1 sample for tests?A: Usually MOQ is 5-50 Piece to various components . We accept sample or trial purchase.Q2. Can you provide Free SAMPLE?A: Sorry, our sample plan is that you may pay for the sample and shipping and delivery cost 1st, and we will refund it when you purchase them in mass amount not considerably less than a hundred-1000pcs in accordance to MQO.Q3. What’s your supply time and shipping and delivery way?A: About 10-15days for sample supply time (By Express). twenty five-30 times for mass production or it is dependent on your buy quantity (By Sea or Air as you required)Q4. What provider can we provide?A: Recognized Shipping and delivery Conditions: FOB,CFR,CIF, SXIHU (WEST LAKE) DIS.NG MOT 24V Inrunner Underwater Stern Thruster DC Motor for RC Paddle Board Marine Truster EXW,CIP,DDP,DAF Accepted Payment Currency:USD,EUR Recognized Payment Type: T/T,L/C,D/P D/A,Credit rating Card,PayPal,Cash Language Spoken:English,ChineseQ5. How to get the suited elements for my autos, what must I do?A: You should send your car specifications in details,it is better to ship the parts picture and drawing or samples for our examining.

Q6. How can we promise good quality?A: Always a pre-manufacturing sample prior to mass generation
Always 100% examination to last Inspection before shipment.

What Is an Axle?

An axle is the central shaft of a vehicle that rotates a wheel or gear. It may be fixed to the wheels or to the vehicle itself, and can rotate with the wheels and gears. It may include bearings and mounting points. If the axle is fixed to the vehicle, it may have a steering or drive shaft attached.

Rear axle

The rear axle is a crucial part of your vehicle. If it fails to function correctly, it can cause major issues when driving at high speeds. This assembly can be a complicated component, and it is crucial that you find a mechanic who knows how to fix it. Rear axles require periodic gear oil replacement and bearing adjustments.
The rear axle is the final leg of the drivetrain, transferring rotational power from the driveshaft to the rear wheels. While the design of the rear axle varies between vehicles, all axles are designed to follow similar principles. Rear axles may have a single drive shaft or two. The drive shafts are mounted at either end of the axle.
The rear axle ratio is important because it affects how much fuel the truck uses. The lower the ratio, the more fuel-efficient the vehicle is. Higher numbers, like 4:10, are better for towing, but they will decrease fuel economy. When choosing a rear axle ratio, be sure to consider how much weight you’ll be hauling.
The rear axle is the most complicated part of the vehicle. It has many components and may not be easily visible. However, a properly functioning rear axle is essential for maximizing safety and performance. If you have a problem, you should contact a professional for a quick and easy fix. Even minor issues can make a significant difference in how your car or truck functions. A professional will ensure that your vehicle’s rear axle will be up to OEM standards.
Axles

Semi-floating axle

A semi-floating axle is the next step up from a stub axle. Semi-floating axles have a bearing that supports the shaft, which then floats inside the axle casing. These axles are best suited for midsize trucks. They are also lighter than full-floating axles and can be manufactured at a lower cost.
This design is most commonly found on rear-wheel-drive passenger cars and lighter trucks. The semi-floating design also allows for a wider diameter axle shaft, and it can increase axle capacity by increasing the diameter of the axle shaft. It also has a wider offset to accommodate larger tires. It can accommodate any offset, although this is usually only useful in off-road environments.
Semi-floating axles are often made with a tapered end. This helps keep the axel from twisting while providing traction. The rear hub of a semi-floating axle is usually connected to the axel via a big, strong nut. This nut also provides friction on the axel shaft.
A full-floating axle is common in 3/4-ton and 1/2-ton trucks. It is important to note, however, that almost all factory full-floating rear ends use eight-lug wheels. However, this rule is not strictly enforced and some companies, like Czpt, specialize in semi-floating axles and custom axles.
Axles

Drive shaft

A drive shaft is an important part of your vehicle’s drivetrain, which helps to transfer torque from the transmission to the drive wheels. You’ll need to know how it functions in order to properly maintain your car. Fortunately, there are a variety of different parts you can use to upgrade your drive shaft.
In order to improve the performance of your vehicle’s drivetrain, you can replace your existing drive shaft with an upgraded one. These are available in various lengths, so that you can find the right length and fit for your vehicle. Some shafts can even be customized to fit the exact length of your axle.
Generally, short axle shafts are made of solid steel. The longer ones are made of aluminum or carbon fiber. To ensure a smooth and safe ride, they are dynamically balanced to eliminate vibrations. Some models are fitted with giubo joints and universal joints to absorb shock. You can also add flex discs to improve your suspension and dampen the bucking sensation of a drive shaft.
You can tell if your drive shaft needs replacement if you hear a clicking noise while driving. This noise is often audible when the vehicle is turning sharply. You should take your vehicle to a mechanic as soon as you hear this noise, or it could lead to a costly repair. In addition to a clicking noise, your car may also be exhibiting a shuddering or vibrating sensation. If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, you should take your car in for a checkup by an ASE certified technician. If you ignore these warnings, your car’s drive shaft could separate, causing you a lot of damage.
The drive shaft is attached to the axle flange by a drive shaft bolt. This is an important part of the drivetrain because it’s the only point where the drive shaft will connect to the axle. If the bolt is too long, it could be vulnerable to damage if the washers don’t fit tightly. The drive shaft socket yoke can also be easily damaged when you loosen the bolt.
Axles

U-joint

When you replace a u-joint on an axle, you need to take a few things into consideration. One of these considerations is the type of grease you’re going to use. Some of these greases are better than others, and you should always check for a quality grease before you install a new one. A good grease can help to reduce the friction and improve the temperature resistance of the part.
It’s also important to check the u-joint itself. This is the joint between the axle shaft and the wheel. If it’s not functioning properly, it could cause further problems. You should inspect the u-joint every time you change the oil in your vehicle. You can test its lubrication by pressing on the tire with a pry bar or axle stands. You can also try turning the steering wheel fully to test if the joint is loose.
A u-joint failure can leave your car inoperable, which can make driving a risky proposition. If the drive shaft loosens and falls to the ground, you could lose control of your car and risk being stranded. In some severe cases, the front of the driveshaft can even drop to the ground and lift the rear of the car, pushing the car sideways. It’s vital to check u-joints regularly, as failure of the u-joint can cause costly and frustrating car repairs.
When you notice a bad universal joint, you should consider getting it replaced immediately. The most common symptom of a bad u-joint is a clunking sound during acceleration and deceleration. You may also hear vibrations when the u-joint becomes worn and you drive the car. If you notice these symptoms, contact a qualified technician to perform a proper diagnosis.
China Customized Walking Speed Electric Motor Driving Wheelbarrow Machinery Rear Wheel Axles with 24V500w BLDC Motor and Split Gearbox     axle shaftChina Customized Walking Speed Electric Motor Driving Wheelbarrow Machinery Rear Wheel Axles with 24V500w BLDC Motor and Split Gearbox     axle shaft
editor by czh 2023-03-09

China Standard New Energy Vehicle High Speed Electric Power Engine Motor Aion Y 2WD 4X2 Drive Mode Compact SUV for Hot Sale with Best Sales

Product Description

ZBT ELECTRIC CAR AION Y NEDC 410km 500km 600km Long Range 4×2 2WD EV SUV for sales:

We also have other color or other brand electric car.
Main parameters:

Vehicle Model AION Y Battery Lithium Iron Phosphate
Driver Form 4×2 2WD FWD Gearbox Single-Stage Gear Reducer
Max Output 95 hp / 70 kw Motor Type Permanent Magnet Synchronous
Max Torque 225 N.m Transmission AT
Battery Capacity 55.5 kwh Steering LHD (Left hand drive)
NEDC Range 410 km Dimension 4410x1870x1645 (mm)
Fast Charge 0.8 h Wheelbase 2750 mm
Slow Charge 8 h Max Speed 150 km/h
Power Consumption 13.8 kw.h/100 km  0~100km Acceleration 7.9 s
Crub Weight  1710 kg Trunk compartment 500~1600 L
Gross Vehicle Weight 2110 kg Tire 215/55 R17

Detailed Photos

 

Company Profile

Certifications

FAQ

Q: How can you go to our yard?

A:We will pick you up at airport or train station or hotel.

 

Q:Is there any MOQ requirement?
A:No MOQ requirement, and we are even CZPT to provide the Express service if parts are urgently needed.

 

Q:How can we make a deal done?

A:The procedure mainly goes like this as the following steps:

On-scene cheking machines→paying deposit if satisfied→booking cargo space→loading→closing remaining mortage→getting the B/L.

 

Q:How about Shipment? sometimes we are not ordering big quantity enough to fit in 1 full container.

A:In assisting customer to save sea freight cost, Flexible logistic solutions are provided

P:We can go LCL when the spare parts are not in big quantity enough to be needful of 20ft container.

P:We can deliver our spare parts to any port or any place in china customer designated in case customer would like to combine all the goods to be shipped in 1 full container.

P:We can also arrange the whole container of spare parts shipment.

P:We can also arrange express service if parts are urgently needed

 

Q:What is your advantage?

A:We are the largest professional used constraction machinery company in China.We have sufficient source of goods and guaranteed quality.We are CZPT to provide our clients with good conditon truck at special price.

 

Q:Do we provide after-sales service?

A:Yes, we provide.

 

Q: How can u get after-sales service?

A:We can send our technicians to your country or we can contact in the internet about the problem of machine, then our technicians will tell u or your technician how to solve the problem.

 

Q:How can u find a good and cheap hotel?

A:We will book a nice hotel which near the yard for u before u arrive.

Lead Screws and Clamp Style Collars

If you have a lead screw, you’re probably interested in learning about the Acme thread on this type of shaft. You might also be interested in finding out about the Clamp style collars and Ball screw nut. But before you buy a new screw, make sure you understand what the terminology means. Here are some examples of screw shafts:

Acme thread

The standard ACME thread on a screw shaft is made of a metal that is resistant to corrosion and wear. It is used in a variety of applications. An Acme thread is available in a variety of sizes and styles. General purpose Acme threads are not designed to handle external radial loads and are supported by a shaft bearing and linear guide. Their design is intended to minimize the risk of flank wedging, which can cause friction forces and wear. The Centralizing Acme thread standard caters to applications without radial support and allows the thread to come into contact before its flanks are exposed to radial loads.
The ACME thread was first developed in 1894 for machine tools. While the acme lead screw is still the most popular screw in the US, European machines use the Trapezoidal Thread (Metric Acme). The acme thread is a stronger and more resilient alternative to square threads. It is also easier to cut than square threads and can be cut by using a single-point threading die.
Similarly to the internal threads, the metric versions of Acme are similar to their American counterparts. The only difference is that the metric threads are generally wider and are used more frequently in industrial settings. However, the metric-based screw threads are more common than their American counterparts worldwide. In addition, the Acme thread on screw shafts is used most often on external gears. But there is still a small minority of screw shafts that are made with a metric thread.
ACME screws provide a variety of advantages to users, including self-lubrication and reduced wear and tear. They are also ideal for vertical applications, where a reduced frictional force is required. In addition, ACME screws are highly resistant to back-drive and minimize the risk of backlash. Furthermore, they can be easily checked with readily available thread gauges. So, if you’re looking for a quality ACME screw for your next industrial project, look no further than ACME.
screwshaft

Lead screw coatings

The properties of lead screw materials affect their efficiency. These materials have high anti-corrosion, thermal resistance, and self-lubrication properties, which eliminates the need for lubrication. These coating materials include polytetrafluoroethylene (PFE), polyether ether ketone (PEK), and Vespel. Other desirable properties include high tensile strength, corrosion resistance, and rigidity.
The most common materials for lead screws are carbon steel, stainless steel, and aluminum. Lead screw coatings can be PTFE-based to withstand harsh environments and remove oil and grease. In addition to preventing corrosion, lead screw coatings improve the life of polymer parts. Lead screw assembly manufacturers offer a variety of customization options for their lead screw, including custom-molded nuts, thread forms, and nut bodies.
Lead screws are typically measured in rpm, or revolutions per minute. The PV curve represents the inverse relationship between contact surface pressure and sliding velocity. This value is affected by the material used in the construction of the screw, lubrication conditions, and end fixity. The critical speed of lead screws is determined by their length and minor diameter. End fixity refers to the support for the screw and affects its rigidity and critical speed.
The primary purpose of lead screws is to enable smooth movement. To achieve this, lead screws are usually preloaded with axial load, enabling consistent contact between a screw’s filets and nuts. Lead screws are often used in linear motion control systems and feature a large area of sliding contact between male and female threads. Lead screws can be manually operated or mortised and are available in a variety of sizes and materials. The materials used for lead screws include stainless steel and bronze, which are often protected by a PTFE type coating.
These screws are made of various materials, including stainless steel, bronze, and various plastics. They are also made to meet specific requirements for environmental conditions. In addition to lead screws, they can be made of stainless steel, aluminum, and carbon steel. Surface coatings can improve the screw’s corrosion resistance, while making it more wear resistant in tough environments. A screw that is coated with PTFE will maintain its anti-corrosion properties even in tough environments.
screwshaft

Clamp style collars

The screw shaft clamp style collar is a basic machine component, which is attached to the shaft via multiple screws. These collars act as mechanical stops, load bearing faces, or load transfer points. Their simple design makes them easy to install. This article will discuss the pros and cons of this style of collar. Let’s look at what you need to know before choosing a screw shaft clamp style collar. Here are some things to keep in mind.
Clamp-style shaft collars are a versatile mounting option for shafts. They have a recessed screw that fully engages the thread for secure locking. Screw shaft clamp collars come in different styles and can be used in both drive and power transmission applications. Listed below are the main differences between these 2 styles of collars. They are compatible with all types of shafts and are able to handle axial loads of up to 5500 pounds.
Clamp-style shaft collars are designed to prevent the screw from accidentally damaging the shaft when tightened. They can be tightened with a set screw to counteract the initial clamping force and prevent the shaft from coming loose. However, when tightening the screw, you should use a torque wrench. Using a set screw to tighten a screw shaft collar can cause it to warp and reduce the surface area that contacts the shaft.
Another key advantage to Clamp-style shaft collars is that they are easy to install. Clamp-style collars are available in one-piece and two-piece designs. These collars lock around the shaft and are easy to remove and install. They are ideal for virtually any shaft and can be installed without removing any components. This type of collar is also recommended for those who work on machines with sensitive components. However, be aware that the higher the OD, the more difficult it is to install and remove the collar.
Screw shaft clamp style collars are usually one-piece. A two-piece collar is easier to install than a one-piece one. The two-piece collars provide a more effective clamping force, as they use the full seating torque. Two-piece collars have the added benefit of being easy to install because they require no tools to install. You can disassemble one-piece collars before installing a two-piece collar.
screwshaft

Ball screw nut

The proper installation of a ball screw nut requires that the nut be installed on the center of the screw shaft. The return tubes of the ball nut must be oriented upward so that the ball nut will not overtravel. The adjusting nut must be tightened against a spacer or spring washer, then the nut is placed on the screw shaft. The nut should be rotated several times in both directions to ensure that it is centered.
Ball screw nuts are typically manufactured with a wide range of preloads. Large preloads are used to increase the rigidity of a ball screw assembly and prevent backlash, the lost motion caused by a clearance between the ball and nut. Using a large amount of preload can lead to excessive heat generation. The most common preload for ball screw nuts is 1 to 3%. This is usually more than enough to prevent backlash, but a higher preload will increase torque requirements.
The diameter of a ball screw is measured from its center, called the ball circle diameter. This diameter represents the distance a ball will travel during 1 rotation of the screw shaft. A smaller diameter means that there are fewer balls to carry the load. Larger leads mean longer travels per revolution and higher speeds. However, this type of screw cannot carry a greater load capacity. Increasing the length of the ball nut is not practical, due to manufacturing constraints.
The most important component of a ball screw is a ball bearing. This prevents excessive friction between the ball and the nut, which is common in lead-screw and nut combinations. Some ball screws feature preloaded balls, which avoid “wiggle” between the nut and the ball. This is particularly desirable in applications with rapidly changing loads. When this is not possible, the ball screw will experience significant backlash.
A ball screw nut can be either single or multiple circuits. Single or multiple-circuit ball nuts can be configured with 1 or 2 independent closed paths. Multi-circuit ball nuts have 2 or more circuits, making them more suitable for heavier loads. Depending on the application, a ball screw nut can be used for small clearance assemblies and compact sizes. In some cases, end caps and deflectors may be used to feed the balls back to their original position.

China Standard New Energy Vehicle High Speed Electric Power Engine Motor Aion Y 2WD 4X2 Drive Mode Compact SUV for Hot Sale   with Best SalesChina Standard New Energy Vehicle High Speed Electric Power Engine Motor Aion Y 2WD 4X2 Drive Mode Compact SUV for Hot Sale   with Best Sales

China Hot selling Electric Motor Drive Spray Concrete Shotcrete Gunning Machine near me factory

Product Description

Electric Motor Drive Spray Concrete Shotcrete Gunning Machine

Product Description

YGM series wet concrete shotcrete machine is the ideal equipment for concrete anchor shotcrete construction.It is widely applicable in

1. tunnels,

2. underground engineering,

3. coal mining, mine shaft,

4. water conservancy

5. power engineering

6. slope protection,

7. soil nail wall project and

8. anchor shotcrete support construction.

 

Technical Parameter
(Dry shotcrete machine)

1 Model YGM-DS5P YGM-DS7P
2 Capacity (cubic m/h) 5 7
3 Tube Diameter (mm) 51 57
4 Discharge Head (Horizontal) 200m 200m
5 Max Aggregate (mm) 20 20
6 Compressed Air Consumption 10-15m3/min 10-15m3/min
7 Air Pressure (mpa) 0.4-0.6 0.6-0.8
8 Motor Power(kw) 5.5 7.5
9 Rotor Diameter (mm) 438 480
10 Weight (kg) 850 950

 
(Wet shotcrete machine)

1 Model YGM-WS5P YGM-WS7P
2 Capacity (cubic m/h) 5 7
3 Tube Diameter (mm) 51 57
4 Discharge Head 50m(Horizontal)
20m (Vertical)
50m(Horizontal)
20m (Vertical)
5 Max Aggregate (mm) 15 15
6 Compressed Air Consumption 7-10m3/min 7-10m3/min
7 Air Pressure (mpa) 0.2-0.6 0.2-0.6
8 Motor Power(kw) 5.5 7.5
9 Hopper Feeding Height (mm) 1000 1250
10 Weight (kg) 720 830
11 Dimension(mm) 1350*750*1150 1400*750*1300

 

Main Features

The accelerated agent conveying is an independent system, which accurately controls and adjusts freely through the standard metering pump. The swirler upper shell sets special rubber chamber, which is benefit for mixture conveying through air pressure vibration with non-stick material and smooth internal wall. The machine has advantages of stable performance, easy operation and maintenance, energy saving, long service life, environment friendly to improve shotcrete layer quality.

Company Information

ZheJiang CZPT Machinery Co., Ltd. is a large machinery manufacturing enterprise which focuses on research and development, production and sales of mining, tunnel construction, road and bridge construction equipments and so on.

We believes that good quality can give us survival, thus we only provide you top products. All the products with high quality meet international standards and are highly estimated by all clients at home and abroad.

All the staff in our company are professionally trained, so we can recommend you the most appropriate equipment. Every machine will be strictly examined before delivery. Any question about the machine will be replied within 24 hours. Welcome you to be our new client!

 

Packaging & Shipping

1. Packaging:  1)Wrapped by proctective film;

                        2)Packed by standard import & export wooden cases or carton boxes.

2. Shipping: By logistics; by automobile; by train; by shipping; by air etc.

FAQ

1. Q: Are you trading company or manufacturer?

    A: We are original equipment manufacturer.

2. Q: How long is your delivery time?

    A: It is according to the model and quantity.

        Generally it is 3-5 days if the machines are in stock.

        It will be 15-30 days if you want to customize the machines.

3. Q: Do you provide samples? Is it free or extra?

    A: Yes, we could offer you the sample machine.

        But it’s not free. You need to pay for the sample and the cost of freight.

4. Q: What is your terms of payment?

    A: We accept T/T, Western Union, Money Gram, Paypal, Alibaba Escrow etc.

        Payment<=USD 5000, 100% in advance.

        Payment>=USD 5000, 30% T/T in advance, balance before shipment.

Contact Us

How to Choose the Right Worm Shaft

You might be curious to know how to choose the right Worm Shaft. In this article, you will learn about worm modules with the same pitch diameter, Double-thread worm gears, and Self-locking worm drive. Once you have chosen the proper Worm Shaft, you will find it easier to use the equipment in your home. There are many advantages to selecting the right Worm Shaft. Read on to learn more.
worm shaft

Concave shape

The concave shape of a worm’s shaft is an important characteristic for the design of a worm gearing. Worm gearings can be found in a wide range of shapes, and the basic profile parameters are available in professional and firm literature. These parameters are used in geometry calculations, and a selection of the right worm gearing for a particular application can be based on these requirements.
The thread profile of a worm is defined by the tangent to the axis of its main cylinder. The teeth are shaped in a straight line with a slightly concave shape along the sides. It resembles a helical gear, and the profile of the worm itself is straight. This type of gearing is often used when the number of teeth is greater than a certain limit.
The geometry of a worm gear depends on the type and manufacturer. In the earliest days, worms were made similar to simple screw threads, and could be chased on a lathe. During this time, the worm was often made with straight-sided tools to produce threads in the acme plane. Later, grinding techniques improved the thread finish and reduced distortions resulting from hardening.
When a worm gearing has multiple teeth, the pitch angle is a key parameter. A greater pitch angle increases efficiency. If you want to increase the pitch angle without increasing the number of teeth, you can replace a worm pair with a different number of thread starts. The helix angle must increase while the center distance remains constant. A higher pitch angle, however, is almost never used for power transmissions.
The minimum number of gear teeth depends on the angle of pressure at zero gearing correction. The diameter of the worm is d1, and is based on a known module value, mx or mn. Generally, larger values of m are assigned to larger modules. And a smaller number of teeth is called a low pitch angle. In case of a low pitch angle, spiral gearing is used. The pitch angle of the worm gear is smaller than 10 degrees.
worm shaft

Multiple-thread worms

Multi-thread worms can be divided into sets of one, two, or 4 threads. The ratio is determined by the number of threads on each set and the number of teeth on the apparatus. The most common worm thread counts are 1,2,4, and 6. To find out how many threads you have, count the start and end of each thread and divide by two. Using this method, you will get the correct thread count every time.
The tangent plane of a worm’s pitch profile changes as the worm moves lengthwise along the thread. The lead angle is greatest at the throat, and decreases on both sides. The curvature radius r” varies proportionally with the worm’s radius, or pitch angle at the considered point. Hence, the worm leads angle, r, is increased with decreased inclination and decreases with increasing inclination.
Multi-thread worms are characterized by a constant leverage between the gear surface and the worm threads. The ratio of worm-tooth surfaces to the worm’s length varies, which enables the wormgear to be adjusted in the same direction. To optimize the gear contact between the worm and gear, the tangent relationship between the 2 surfaces is optimal.
The efficiency of worm gear drives is largely dependent on the helix angle of the worm. Multiple thread worms can improve the efficiency of the worm gear drive by as much as 25 to 50% compared to single-thread worms. Worm gears are made of bronze, which reduces friction and heat on the worm’s teeth. A specialized machine can cut the worm gears for maximum efficiency.

Double-thread worm gears

In many different applications, worm gears are used to drive a worm wheel. These gears are unique in that the worm cannot be reversed by the power applied to the worm wheel. Because of their self-locking properties, they can be used to prevent reversing motion, although this is not a dependable function. Applications for worm gears include hoisting equipment, elevators, chain blocks, fishing reels, and automotive power steering. Because of their compact size, these gears are often used in applications with limited space.
Worm sets typically exhibit more wear than other types of gears, and this means that they require more limited contact patterns in new parts. Worm wheel teeth are concave, making it difficult to measure tooth thickness with pins, balls, and gear tooth calipers. To measure tooth thickness, however, you can measure backlash, a measurement of the spacing between teeth in a gear. Backlash can vary from 1 worm gear to another, so it is important to check the backlash at several points. If the backlash is different in 2 places, this indicates that the teeth may have different spacing.
Single-thread worm gears provide high speed reduction but lower efficiency. A multi-thread worm gear can provide high efficiency and high speed, but this comes with a trade-off in terms of horsepower. However, there are many other applications for worm gears. In addition to heavy-duty applications, they are often used in light-duty gearboxes for a variety of functions. When used in conjunction with double-thread worms, they allow for a substantial speed reduction in 1 step.
Stainless-steel worm gears can be used in damp environments. The worm gear is not susceptible to rust and is ideal for wet and damp environments. The worm wheel’s smooth surfaces make cleaning them easy. However, they do require lubricants. The most common lubricant for worm gears is mineral oil. This lubricant is designed to protect the worm drive.
worm shaft

Self-locking worm drive

A self-locking worm drive prevents the platform from moving backward when the motor stops. A dynamic self-locking worm drive is also possible but does not include a holding brake. This type of self-locking worm drive is not susceptible to vibrations, but may rattle if released. In addition, it may require an additional brake to keep the platform from moving. A positive brake may be necessary for safety.
A self-locking worm drive does not allow for the interchangeability of the driven and driving gears. This is unlike spur gear trains that allow both to interchange positions. In a self-locking worm drive, the driving gear is always engaged and the driven gear remains stationary. The drive mechanism locks automatically when the worm is operated in the wrong manner. Several sources of information on self-locking worm gears include the Machinery’s Handbook.
A self-locking worm drive is not difficult to build and has a great mechanical advantage. In fact, the output of a self-locking worm drive cannot be backdriven by the input shaft. DIYers can build a self-locking worm drive by modifying threaded rods and off-the-shelf gears. However, it is easier to make a ratchet and pawl mechanism, and is significantly less expensive. However, it is important to understand that you can only drive 1 worm at a time.
Another advantage of a self-locking worm drive is the fact that it is not possible to interchange the input and output shafts. This is a major benefit of using such a mechanism, as you can achieve high gear reduction without increasing the size of the gear box. If you’re thinking about buying a self-locking worm gear for a specific application, consider the following tips to make the right choice.
An enveloping worm gear set is best for applications requiring high accuracy and efficiency, and minimum backlash. Its teeth are shaped differently, and the worm’s threads are modified to increase surface contact. They are more expensive to manufacture than their single-start counterparts, but this type is best for applications where accuracy is crucial. The worm drive is also a great option for heavy trucks because of their large size and high-torque capacity.

China Hot selling Electric Motor Drive Spray Concrete Shotcrete Gunning Machine   near me factory China Hot selling Electric Motor Drive Spray Concrete Shotcrete Gunning Machine   near me factory

China supplier CZPT CE ISO9001 8inch 24V 48V 600rpm 100kg Load Gearless Brushless Electric Drive Wheel DC Hub Servo Motor with Encoder for Mobile Robot with Great quality

Product Description

Zltech CE ISO9001 8Inch 24V 48V 600rpm 100kg Load gearless Brushless Electric Drive Wheel DC Hub Servo Motor with Encoder for mobile robot

Packaging & Shipping

Package: carton with foam, QTY per carton will depend on the hub motor size.

Shipping: goods will be deliveried by air(EMS, DHL, FedEx,TNT etc), by train or by boat according to your requirements.

 

Contact:

 

FAQ

1. Factory or trader?
We are factory, and have professional R&D team as introduced in company information.

2. How about the delivery?
– Sample: 3-5 days.
– Bulk order: 15-30 days.

3. What is your after-sales services?
1. Free maintenance within 12 months guarantee, lifetime consultant.
2. Professional solutions in installation and maintence.

4. Why choose us?
1. Factory Price & 24/7 after-sale services.
2. From mold customization to material processing and welding, from fine components to finished assembly, 72 processes, 24 control points, strict aging, finished product inspection.

 

Types of Splines

There are 4 types of splines: Involute, Parallel key, helical, and ball. Learn about their characteristics. And, if you’re not sure what they are, you can always request a quotation. These splines are commonly used for building special machinery, repair jobs, and other applications. The CZPT Manufacturing Company manufactures these shafts. It is a specialty manufacturer and we welcome your business.
splineshaft

Involute splines

The involute spline provides a more rigid and durable structure, and is available in a variety of diameters and spline counts. Generally, steel, carbon steel, or titanium are used as raw materials. Other materials, such as carbon fiber, may be suitable. However, titanium can be difficult to produce, so some manufacturers make splines using other constituents.
When splines are used in shafts, they prevent parts from separating during operation. These features make them an ideal choice for securing mechanical assemblies. Splines with inward-curving grooves do not have sharp corners and are therefore less likely to break or separate while they are in operation. These properties help them to withstand high-speed operations, such as braking, accelerating, and reversing.
A male spline is fitted with an externally-oriented face, and a female spline is inserted through the center. The teeth of the male spline typically have chamfered tips to provide clearance with the transition area. The radii and width of the teeth of a male spline are typically larger than those of a female spline. These specifications are specified in ANSI or DIN design manuals.
The effective tooth thickness of a spline depends on the involute profile error and the lead error. Also, the spacing of the spline teeth and keyways can affect the effective tooth thickness. Involute splines in a splined shaft are designed so that at least 25 percent of the spline teeth engage during coupling, which results in a uniform distribution of load and wear on the spline.

Parallel key splines

A parallel splined shaft has a helix of equal-sized grooves around its circumference. These grooves are generally parallel or involute. Splines minimize stress concentrations in stationary joints and allow linear and rotary motion. Splines may be cut or cold-rolled. Cold-rolled splines have more strength than cut spines and are often used in applications that require high strength, accuracy, and a smooth surface.
A parallel key splined shaft features grooves and keys that are parallel to the axis of the shaft. This design is best suited for applications where load bearing is a primary concern and a smooth motion is needed. A parallel key splined shaft can be made from alloy steels, which are iron-based alloys that may also contain chromium, nickel, molybdenum, copper, or other alloying materials.
A splined shaft can be used to transmit torque and provide anti-rotation when operating as a linear guide. These shafts have square profiles that match up with grooves in a mating piece and transmit torque and rotation. They can also be easily changed in length, and are commonly used in aerospace. Its reliability and fatigue life make it an excellent choice for many applications.
The main difference between a parallel key splined shaft and a keyed shaft is that the former offers more flexibility. They lack slots, which reduce torque-transmitting capacity. Splines offer equal load distribution along the gear teeth, which translates into a longer fatigue life for the shaft. In agricultural applications, shaft life is essential. Agricultural equipment, for example, requires the ability to function at high speeds for extended periods of time.
splineshaft

Involute helical splines

Involute splines are a common design for splined shafts. They are the most commonly used type of splined shaft and feature equal spacing among their teeth. The teeth of this design are also shorter than those of the parallel spline shaft, reducing stress concentration. These splines can be used to transmit power to floating or permanently fixed gears, and reduce stress concentrations in the stationary joint. Involute splines are the most common type of splined shaft, and are widely used for a variety of applications in automotive, machine tools, and more.
Involute helical spline shafts are ideal for applications involving axial motion and rotation. They allow for face coupling engagement and disengagement. This design also allows for a larger diameter than a parallel spline shaft. The result is a highly efficient gearbox. Besides being durable, splines can also be used for other applications involving torque and energy transfer.
A new statistical model can be used to determine the number of teeth that engage for a given load. These splines are characterized by a tight fit at the major diameters, thereby transferring concentricity from the shaft to the female spline. A male spline has chamfered tips for clearance with the transition area. ANSI and DIN design manuals specify the different classes of fit.
The design of involute helical splines is similar to that of gears, and their ridges or teeth are matched with the corresponding grooves in a mating piece. It enables torque and rotation to be transferred to a mate piece while maintaining alignment of the 2 components. Different types of splines are used in different applications. Different splines can have different levels of tooth height.

Involute ball splines

When splines are used, they allow the shaft and hub to engage evenly over the shaft’s entire circumference. Because the teeth are evenly spaced, the load that they can transfer is uniform and their position is always the same regardless of shaft length. Whether the shaft is used to transmit torque or to transmit power, splines are a great choice. They provide maximum strength and allow for linear or rotary motion.
There are 3 basic types of splines: helical, crown, and ball. Crown splines feature equally spaced grooves. Crown splines feature involute sides and parallel sides. Helical splines use involute teeth and are often used in small diameter shafts. Ball splines contain a ball bearing inside the splined shaft to facilitate rotary motion and minimize stress concentration in stationary joints.
The 2 types of splines are classified under the ANSI classes of fit. Fillet root splines have teeth that mesh along the longitudinal axis of rotation. Flat root splines have similar teeth, but are intended to optimize strength for short-term use. Both types of splines are important for ensuring the shaft aligns properly and is not misaligned.
The friction coefficient of the hub is a complex process. When the hub is off-center, the center moves in predictable but irregular motion. Moreover, when the shaft is centered, the center may oscillate between being centered and being off-center. To compensate for this, the torque must be adequate to keep the shaft in its axis during all rotation angles. While straight-sided splines provide similar centering, they have lower misalignment load factors.
splineshaft

Keyed shafts

Essentially, splined shafts have teeth or ridges that fit together to transfer torque. Because splines are not as tall as involute gears, they offer uniform torque transfer. Additionally, they provide the opportunity for torque and rotational changes and improve wear resistance. In addition to their durability, splined shafts are popular in the aerospace industry and provide increased reliability and fatigue life.
Keyed shafts are available in different materials, lengths, and diameters. When used in high-power drive applications, they offer higher torque and rotational speeds. The higher torque they produce helps them deliver power to the gearbox. However, they are not as durable as splined shafts, which is why the latter is usually preferred in these applications. And while they’re more expensive, they’re equally effective when it comes to torque delivery.
Parallel keyed shafts have separate profiles and ridges and are used in applications requiring accuracy and precision. Keyed shafts with rolled splines are 35% stronger than cut splines and are used where precision is essential. These splines also have a smooth finish, which can make them a good choice for precision applications. They also work well with gears and other mechanical systems that require accurate torque transfer.
Carbon steel is another material used for splined shafts. Carbon steel is known for its malleability, and its shallow carbon content helps create reliable motion. However, if you’re looking for something more durable, consider ferrous steel. This type contains metals such as nickel, chromium, and molybdenum. And it’s important to remember that carbon steel is not the only material to consider.

China supplier CZPT CE ISO9001 8inch 24V 48V 600rpm 100kg Load Gearless Brushless Electric Drive Wheel DC Hub Servo Motor with Encoder for Mobile Robot   with Great qualityChina supplier CZPT CE ISO9001 8inch 24V 48V 600rpm 100kg Load Gearless Brushless Electric Drive Wheel DC Hub Servo Motor with Encoder for Mobile Robot   with Great quality

China Standard 16 Inch 250W Motor Electric Bicycle Front Drive Pedal Assist Mini Folding Ebike with Great quality

Product Description

folding E-bike, electric bicycle, foldable electric bike lithium battery, light weight e-bike
 
Item Number: TDR-13

Dimensions 1250*520*1000mm
Motor 250W
Battery 24V10AH Lithium battery (26650 Lithium Cells)
Input Voltage 110V-220V 50HZ
Brake  “V” Brake
Top speed 25KM/H
HangZhouage 30KM with throttle & 50KM with Pedal Assist
Material Aluminium Alloy
Load 120KG
Tire size 16 inche
Weight 13 KG

 

ZT E-bike founded in 2011.

We devoting ourselves to develop new energy cicy ebikes.

The main products we have are folding ebikes, city ebikes, scooters & ebike kits!

OEM & ODM services are acceptable.

FAQ
1. What’s the minimum order MOQ?
 
Our MOQ is 1pcs of each model
 
2. What is the production and delivery time? 
 
Production time is from 25-60 days, depending on the model & quantity
 
3. Can I order a sample?  
 
Yes. Sample order is acceptable
 
4. How about warranty ?
 
alloy frame 2 years , motor 1 years, lithium battery 2 years, controller 1 years.
 
5. Could I use my own LOGO or design on goods?
 
Yes. When order quantity is big, you can use your own LOGO or your language manual etc,
 
6. Does company accept EURO ?
 
Yes. We both have USD & EURO Account
 
7. What is the payment terms?
 
We accept T/T, L/C, West Union

8. How can I go to the factory ?
our  factory is located in HangZhou City, which is very closed to ZheJiang , only about 1 hour drive or 20 minutes by High Speed Train.

9. Can we mix the 20ft/40ft/40HQ container?  
Yes, mixed order is accepted.

 
 

How to Determine the Quality of a Worm Shaft

There are many advantages of a worm shaft. It is easier to manufacture, as it does not require manual straightening. Among these benefits are ease of maintenance, reduced cost, and ease of installation. In addition, this type of shaft is much less prone to damage due to manual straightening. This article will discuss the different factors that determine the quality of a worm shaft. It also discusses the Dedendum, Root diameter, and Wear load capacity.
worm shaft

Root diameter

There are various options when choosing worm gearing. The selection depends on the transmission used and production possibilities. The basic profile parameters of worm gearing are described in the professional and firm literature and are used in geometry calculations. The selected variant is then transferred to the main calculation. However, you must take into account the strength parameters and the gear ratios for the calculation to be accurate. Here are some tips to choose the right worm gearing.
The root diameter of a worm gear is measured from the center of its pitch. Its pitch diameter is a standardized value that is determined from its pressure angle at the point of zero gearing correction. The worm gear pitch diameter is calculated by adding the worm’s dimension to the nominal center distance. When defining the worm gear pitch, you have to keep in mind that the root diameter of the worm shaft must be smaller than the pitch diameter.
Worm gearing requires teeth to evenly distribute the wear. For this, the tooth side of the worm must be convex in the normal and centre-line sections. The shape of the teeth, referred to as the evolvent profile, resembles a helical gear. Usually, the root diameter of a worm gear is more than a quarter inch. However, a half-inch difference is acceptable.
Another way to calculate the gearing efficiency of a worm shaft is by looking at the worm’s sacrificial wheel. A sacrificial wheel is softer than the worm, so most wear and tear will occur on the wheel. Oil analysis reports of worm gearing units almost always show a high copper and iron ratio, suggesting that the worm’s gearing is ineffective.

Dedendum

The dedendum of a worm shaft refers to the radial length of its tooth. The pitch diameter and the minor diameter determine the dedendum. In an imperial system, the pitch diameter is referred to as the diametral pitch. Other parameters include the face width and fillet radius. Face width describes the width of the gear wheel without hub projections. Fillet radius measures the radius on the tip of the cutter and forms a trochoidal curve.
The diameter of a hub is measured at its outer diameter, and its projection is the distance the hub extends beyond the gear face. There are 2 types of addendum teeth, 1 with short-addendum teeth and the other with long-addendum teeth. The gears themselves have a keyway (a groove machined into the shaft and bore). A key is fitted into the keyway, which fits into the shaft.
Worm gears transmit motion from 2 shafts that are not parallel, and have a line-toothed design. The pitch circle has 2 or more arcs, and the worm and sprocket are supported by anti-friction roller bearings. Worm gears have high friction and wear on the tooth teeth and restraining surfaces. If you’d like to know more about worm gears, take a look at the definitions below.
worm shaft

CZPT’s whirling process

Whirling process is a modern manufacturing method that is replacing thread milling and hobbing processes. It has been able to reduce manufacturing costs and lead times while producing precision gear worms. In addition, it has reduced the need for thread grinding and surface roughness. It also reduces thread rolling. Here’s more on how CZPT whirling process works.
The whirling process on the worm shaft can be used for producing a variety of screw types and worms. They can produce screw shafts with outer diameters of up to 2.5 inches. Unlike other whirling processes, the worm shaft is sacrificial, and the process does not require machining. A vortex tube is used to deliver chilled compressed air to the cutting point. If needed, oil is also added to the mix.
Another method for hardening a worm shaft is called induction hardening. The process is a high-frequency electrical process that induces eddy currents in metallic objects. The higher the frequency, the more surface heat it generates. With induction heating, you can program the heating process to harden only specific areas of the worm shaft. The length of the worm shaft is usually shortened.
Worm gears offer numerous advantages over standard gear sets. If used correctly, they are reliable and highly efficient. By following proper setup guidelines and lubrication guidelines, worm gears can deliver the same reliable service as any other type of gear set. The article by Ray Thibault, a mechanical engineer at the University of Virginia, is an excellent guide to lubrication on worm gears.

Wear load capacity

The wear load capacity of a worm shaft is a key parameter when determining the efficiency of a gearbox. Worms can be made with different gear ratios, and the design of the worm shaft should reflect this. To determine the wear load capacity of a worm, you can check its geometry. Worms are usually made with teeth ranging from 1 to 4 and up to twelve. Choosing the right number of teeth depends on several factors, including the optimisation requirements, such as efficiency, weight, and centre-line distance.
Worm gear tooth forces increase with increased power density, causing the worm shaft to deflect more. This reduces its wear load capacity, lowers efficiency, and increases NVH behavior. Advances in lubricants and bronze materials, combined with better manufacturing quality, have enabled the continuous increase in power density. Those 3 factors combined will determine the wear load capacity of your worm gear. It is critical to consider all 3 factors before choosing the right gear tooth profile.
The minimum number of gear teeth in a gear depends on the pressure angle at zero gearing correction. The worm diameter d1 is arbitrary and depends on a known module value, mx or mn. Worms and gears with different ratios can be interchanged. An involute helicoid ensures proper contact and shape, and provides higher accuracy and life. The involute helicoid worm is also a key component of a gear.
Worm gears are a form of ancient gear. A cylindrical worm engages with a toothed wheel to reduce rotational speed. Worm gears are also used as prime movers. If you’re looking for a gearbox, it may be a good option. If you’re considering a worm gear, be sure to check its load capacity and lubrication requirements.
worm shaft

NVH behavior

The NVH behavior of a worm shaft is determined using the finite element method. The simulation parameters are defined using the finite element method and experimental worm shafts are compared to the simulation results. The results show that a large deviation exists between the simulated and experimental values. In addition, the bending stiffness of the worm shaft is highly dependent on the geometry of the worm gear toothings. Hence, an adequate design for a worm gear toothing can help reduce the NVH (noise-vibration) behavior of the worm shaft.
To calculate the worm shaft’s NVH behavior, the main axes of moment of inertia are the diameter of the worm and the number of threads. This will influence the angle between the worm teeth and the effective distance of each tooth. The distance between the main axes of the worm shaft and the worm gear is the analytical equivalent bending diameter. The diameter of the worm gear is referred to as its effective diameter.
The increased power density of a worm gear results in increased forces acting on the corresponding worm gear tooth. This leads to a corresponding increase in deflection of the worm gear, which negatively affects its efficiency and wear load capacity. In addition, the increasing power density requires improved manufacturing quality. The continuous advancement in bronze materials and lubricants has also facilitated the continued increase in power density.
The toothing of the worm gears determines the worm shaft deflection. The bending stiffness of the worm gear toothing is also calculated by using a tooth-dependent bending stiffness. The deflection is then converted into a stiffness value by using the stiffness of the individual sections of the worm shaft. As shown in figure 5, a transverse section of a two-threaded worm is shown in the figure.

China Standard 16 Inch 250W Motor Electric Bicycle Front Drive Pedal Assist Mini Folding Ebike   with Great qualityChina Standard 16 Inch 250W Motor Electric Bicycle Front Drive Pedal Assist Mini Folding Ebike   with Great quality

China Good quality Motorcycle Electric Brushless DC Motor Direct Drive Motor 60mm 235W 3000rpm with Good quality

Product Description

Motorcycle Electric Brushless DC Motor Direct Drive Motor 60mm 235w 3000rpm
Product Description

Item Specifications
Windinng Type Star / Delta
Hall effect angle 120°
Shaft runout 0.571mm
Radial play 0.02mm/450g
End play 0.08mm/450g
Max radial force 115N/20mm from the flange
Max axial force 45N
Insulation Class B
IP Class IP 4

 

Product Specifications
 Brushless DC Motor 24mm

If you need the other product dimensions plese contect us. We will provide you with more complete product drawings.

Product Details


DC motor simple structure, high efficiency and can rotate continue. high efficiency, running soomthly, strong reliability, easy to use, long life low noise, Brushless environmental protection. Accurate speed control.

Success Case

Brushless dc motor has a good starting and speed control performance, often used in the occasion of starting and speed regulation have higher requirements, such as a large reversible rolling mill, mine hoist, electric locomotives, diesel locomotive, city tram, subway trains, electric bicycle.

Company Profile

LUNYEE INDUSTRIES DEVELOPMENT CO., LIMITED was founded in 2007, is a leading manufacturer for factory automation(FA) products. We are dedicated in power transmission and motion control solutions. A satisfying one-stop service comes from our continuous innovation team and our rigorously-inspected sub-contractors.

Packing & Delivery

Packing: Cardboard boxes plus foam packaging, we can design packaging according to your request. Shipping: TNT, DHL, UPS, FedEx, EMS etc. Or the shipment you need.

Our Services

1. Free maintenance within 12 months guarantee
2. Professional research and development team
3. Technical support for installation
4. Strict quality control system
5. Customize production

FAQ
Q1 Can you make OEM/ODM order?
Yes, we have rich experience on OEM/ODM order.
Q2 Delivery
Sample can be afforded within 5-7days and volume order can be finished within 15-20days.
Q3 About sample?
Available.
Q4 Which of payments you support?
T/T, L/C,PAYPAL, CREDIT CARD.

 

Stiffness and Torsional Vibration of Spline-Couplings

In this paper, we describe some basic characteristics of spline-coupling and examine its torsional vibration behavior. We also explore the effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling. These results will assist in the design of improved spline-coupling systems for various applications. The results are presented in Table 1.
splineshaft

Stiffness of spline-coupling

The stiffness of a spline-coupling is a function of the meshing force between the splines in a rotor-spline coupling system and the static vibration displacement. The meshing force depends on the coupling parameters such as the transmitting torque and the spline thickness. It increases nonlinearly with the spline thickness.
A simplified spline-coupling model can be used to evaluate the load distribution of splines under vibration and transient loads. The axle spline sleeve is displaced a z-direction and a resistance moment T is applied to the outer face of the sleeve. This simple model can satisfy a wide range of engineering requirements but may suffer from complex loading conditions. Its asymmetric clearance may affect its engagement behavior and stress distribution patterns.
The results of the simulations show that the maximum vibration acceleration in both Figures 10 and 22 was 3.03 g/s. This results indicate that a misalignment in the circumferential direction increases the instantaneous impact. Asymmetry in the coupling geometry is also found in the meshing. The right-side spline’s teeth mesh tightly while those on the left side are misaligned.
Considering the spline-coupling geometry, a semi-analytical model is used to compute stiffness. This model is a simplified form of a classical spline-coupling model, with submatrices defining the shape and stiffness of the joint. As the design clearance is a known value, the stiffness of a spline-coupling system can be analyzed using the same formula.
The results of the simulations also show that the spline-coupling system can be modeled using MASTA, a high-level commercial CAE tool for transmission analysis. In this case, the spline segments were modeled as a series of spline segments with variable stiffness, which was calculated based on the initial gap between spline teeth. Then, the spline segments were modelled as a series of splines of increasing stiffness, accounting for different manufacturing variations. The resulting analysis of the spline-coupling geometry is compared to those of the finite-element approach.
Despite the high stiffness of a spline-coupling system, the contact status of the contact surfaces often changes. In addition, spline coupling affects the lateral vibration and deformation of the rotor. However, stiffness nonlinearity is not well studied in splined rotors because of the lack of a fully analytical model.
splineshaft

Characteristics of spline-coupling

The study of spline-coupling involves a number of design factors. These include weight, materials, and performance requirements. Weight is particularly important in the aeronautics field. Weight is often an issue for design engineers because materials have varying dimensional stability, weight, and durability. Additionally, space constraints and other configuration restrictions may require the use of spline-couplings in certain applications.
The main parameters to consider for any spline-coupling design are the maximum principal stress, the maldistribution factor, and the maximum tooth-bearing stress. The magnitude of each of these parameters must be smaller than or equal to the external spline diameter, in order to provide stability. The outer diameter of the spline must be at least 4 inches larger than the inner diameter of the spline.
Once the physical design is validated, the spline coupling knowledge base is created. This model is pre-programmed and stores the design parameter signals, including performance and manufacturing constraints. It then compares the parameter values to the design rule signals, and constructs a geometric representation of the spline coupling. A visual model is created from the input signals, and can be manipulated by changing different parameters and specifications.
The stiffness of a spline joint is another important parameter for determining the spline-coupling stiffness. The stiffness distribution of the spline joint affects the rotor’s lateral vibration and deformation. A finite element method is a useful technique for obtaining lateral stiffness of spline joints. This method involves many mesh refinements and requires a high computational cost.
The diameter of the spline-coupling must be large enough to transmit the torque. A spline with a larger diameter may have greater torque-transmitting capacity because it has a smaller circumference. However, the larger diameter of a spline is thinner than the shaft, and the latter may be more suitable if the torque is spread over a greater number of teeth.
Spline-couplings are classified according to their tooth profile along the axial and radial directions. The radial and axial tooth profiles affect the component’s behavior and wear damage. Splines with a crowned tooth profile are prone to angular misalignment. Typically, these spline-couplings are oversized to ensure durability and safety.

Stiffness of spline-coupling in torsional vibration analysis

This article presents a general framework for the study of torsional vibration caused by the stiffness of spline-couplings in aero-engines. It is based on a previous study on spline-couplings. It is characterized by the following 3 factors: bending stiffness, total flexibility, and tangential stiffness. The first criterion is the equivalent diameter of external and internal splines. Both the spline-coupling stiffness and the displacement of splines are evaluated by using the derivative of the total flexibility.
The stiffness of a spline joint can vary based on the distribution of load along the spline. Variables affecting the stiffness of spline joints include the torque level, tooth indexing errors, and misalignment. To explore the effects of these variables, an analytical formula is developed. The method is applicable for various kinds of spline joints, such as splines with multiple components.
Despite the difficulty of calculating spline-coupling stiffness, it is possible to model the contact between the teeth of the shaft and the hub using an analytical approach. This approach helps in determining key magnitudes of coupling operation such as contact peak pressures, reaction moments, and angular momentum. This approach allows for accurate results for spline-couplings and is suitable for both torsional vibration and structural vibration analysis.
The stiffness of spline-coupling is commonly assumed to be rigid in dynamic models. However, various dynamic phenomena associated with spline joints must be captured in high-fidelity drivetrain models. To accomplish this, a general analytical stiffness formulation is proposed based on a semi-analytical spline load distribution model. The resulting stiffness matrix contains radial and tilting stiffness values as well as torsional stiffness. The analysis is further simplified with the blockwise inversion method.
It is essential to consider the torsional vibration of a power transmission system before selecting the coupling. An accurate analysis of torsional vibration is crucial for coupling safety. This article also discusses case studies of spline shaft wear and torsionally-induced failures. The discussion will conclude with the development of a robust and efficient method to simulate these problems in real-life scenarios.
splineshaft

Effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling

In this study, the effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline coupling is investigated. The stability boundary and mechanism of rotor instability are analyzed. We find that the meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling increases nonlinearly with spline thickness. The results demonstrate that the misalignment is responsible for the instability of the rotor-spline coupling system.
An intentional spline misalignment is introduced to achieve an interference fit and zero backlash condition. This leads to uneven load distribution among the spline teeth. A further spline misalignment of 50um can result in rotor-spline coupling failure. The maximum tensile root stress shifted to the left under this condition.
Positive spline misalignment increases the gear mesh misalignment. Conversely, negative spline misalignment has no effect. The right-handed spline misalignment is opposite to the helix hand. The high contact area is moved from the center to the left side. In both cases, gear mesh is misaligned due to deflection and tilting of the gear under load.
This variation of the tooth surface is measured as the change in clearance in the transverse plain. The radial and axial clearance values are the same, while the difference between the 2 is less. In addition to the frictional force, the axial clearance of the splines is the same, which increases the gear mesh misalignment. Hence, the same procedure can be used to determine the frictional force of a rotor-spline coupling.
Gear mesh misalignment influences spline-rotor coupling performance. This misalignment changes the distribution of the gear mesh and alters contact and bending stresses. Therefore, it is essential to understand the effects of misalignment in spline couplings. Using a simplified system of helical gear pair, Hong et al. examined the load distribution along the tooth interface of the spline. This misalignment caused the flank contact pattern to change. The misaligned teeth exhibited deflection under load and developed a tilting moment on the gear.
The effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline couplings is minimized by using a mechanism that reduces backlash. The mechanism comprises cooperably splined male and female members. One member is formed by 2 coaxially aligned splined segments with end surfaces shaped to engage in sliding relationship. The connecting device applies axial loads to these segments, causing them to rotate relative to 1 another.

China Good quality Motorcycle Electric Brushless DC Motor Direct Drive Motor 60mm 235W 3000rpm   with Good qualityChina Good quality Motorcycle Electric Brushless DC Motor Direct Drive Motor 60mm 235W 3000rpm   with Good quality

China high quality 36V 350W Jiangsu Changzhou Conversion Kit Safeway Electric Bike with Rear Drive Motor near me manufacturer

Product Description

36V 350W ZheJiang HangZhou conversion kit safeway electric bike with Rear Drive motor

  1 Product Specification  

Electric Specification Bodywork Specification
Motor Type Rear Drive Frame Aluminum Alloy 6061#
Motor Power 36V350W Tyres 26″*1.95inch KENDA
Working Style PAS & Throttle,1:1 with 0-5 Level Rim Alloy Single Wall
Controller 36V15A Brake F/R: Disc brake 
Display LCD display  Brake Lever Cut-off while braking 
Light F: LED light QD139-2 Front Fork Steel, / Seat post: Steel 
Battery  Lithium battery Samung 36V10.4AH Derailleur Shimano 7 speed tourney
Charger 50-60HZ, AC90-240V Other Trumb Throttle
Performance Business Item
Max Speed 25-28km/h Available Colors Black,white, silver, red, etc
Range 35-45KM Body Size  
Max Loading 100KG Packing Size 1550*280*870
Climbing 20% N.W / G.W 28kgs/38kgs
Charge Time 5-6H / Cricle Life > 600times Container Load  

 2 Company information
    HangZhou Merry Gold Machinary Co.,ltd, is a manufacturer and trader specialized in machinery and electronics products such as ebike electric bicycle. We mainly offer motors, electric bicycles,electric vehicles and its spare parts, bicycle and its spare parts etc. We have exported our electric bikes and its rated products to over 60 countries in the world, especially in US, Canada, Mexico, France, Spain, Italy, Germany, Australia, New Zealand, Russia, North Europe etc All of our products can comply with international quality standards and are greatly meeting in a variety of markets around the world. For example, we have EN15194 European certificate, CE certificate and EEC certificate. These certificates ensure us can enter into any country. We can also provide OEMand ODM service if you need. We are located in HangZhou city, ZheJiang province, which is about 150km from ZheJiang city. If you are interested in any of our products or discuss a customized order, please feel free to contact us and kindly get back your comments to us. We are sure any of your feedback will get our prompt attention & reply. We are looking forward to establishing successful business relationships with clients all over the world.

3 packaging and shipping
We fold electric bicycle and wrap them with foamed plastic films and pack them in cartons
The electric bikes ordered by our clients can be shipped by sea, air and train.

4 Our service

1. OEM Manufacturing Welcome: product, package, etc…
2. Sample Order
3. All inquiries will be replied in 24 hours
4. After the sending,we will track the shipment for you each 2 days until it arrives. When you got the electric bicycle, please test them and give us a feedback. if you have any question,  please contact us. we will offer the solve way for you.

5 Certificates

6 FAQ

Q1. What is your terms of packing?
A: Generally,electric bicycle is packed with foam protection and foam block inside, cartons outside. If you have any legally registered
patent, we can pack the electric bicycle in your branded boxed after getting your authorization letters.

Q2. What is your terms of payment?
A: T/T 30% as deposit, and 70% before delivery. We’ll show you the photos of electric bicycle and packages before you pay the balance.

Q3. What is your terms of delivery?
A: EXW, FOB, CFR, CIF, DDU.

Q4. How about your delivery time?
A: Generally, it will take 30-60 days after the receipt of deposit payment. If there are materials stocked for this style, then it
takes around 15-30 days.

Q5. Can you produce according to the samples?
A: Yes, the production can be arranged depending on your samples or technical drawings. We can build the molds and fixtures.

Q6. What is your sample policy?
A: The samples can be supplied if there are ready parts in stock, and the client will cover the sample and courier cost.

Q7. Do you test all of your electric bike bicycle before delivery?
A: Yes, the goods are all 100% test and inspected before delivery.

Q8. How do you make our business long-term and good relationships?
A: 1. We keep quality and competitive price to ensure our clients’ benefit;
2. We respect every customer as our friend and we sincerely do business no matter where they come from.

 

 

What Are Screw Shaft Threads?

A screw shaft is a threaded part used to fasten other components. The threads on a screw shaft are often described by their Coefficient of Friction, which describes how much friction is present between the mating surfaces. This article discusses these characteristics as well as the Material and Helix angle. You’ll have a better understanding of your screw shaft’s threads after reading this article. Here are some examples. Once you understand these details, you’ll be able to select the best screw nut for your needs.
screwshaft

Coefficient of friction between the mating surfaces of a nut and a screw shaft

There are 2 types of friction coefficients. Dynamic friction and static friction. The latter refers to the amount of friction a nut has to resist an opposing motion. In addition to the material strength, a higher coefficient of friction can cause stick-slip. This can lead to intermittent running behavior and loud squeaking. Stick-slip may lead to a malfunctioning plain bearing. Rough shafts can be used to improve this condition.
The 2 types of friction coefficients are related to the applied force. When applying force, the applied force must equal the nut’s pitch diameter. When the screw shaft is tightened, the force may be removed. In the case of a loosening clamp, the applied force is smaller than the bolt’s pitch diameter. Therefore, the higher the property class of the bolt, the lower the coefficient of friction.
In most cases, the screwface coefficient of friction is lower than the nut face. This is because of zinc plating on the joint surface. Moreover, power screws are commonly used in the aerospace industry. Whether or not they are power screws, they are typically made of carbon steel, alloy steel, or stainless steel. They are often used in conjunction with bronze or plastic nuts, which are preferred in higher-duty applications. These screws often require no holding brakes and are extremely easy to use in many applications.
The coefficient of friction between the mating surfaces of t-screws is highly dependent on the material of the screw and the nut. For example, screws with internal lubricated plastic nuts use bearing-grade bronze nuts. These nuts are usually used on carbon steel screws, but can be used with stainless steel screws. In addition to this, they are easy to clean.

Helix angle

In most applications, the helix angle of a screw shaft is an important factor for torque calculation. There are 2 types of helix angle: right and left hand. The right hand screw is usually smaller than the left hand one. The left hand screw is larger than the right hand screw. However, there are some exceptions to the rule. A left hand screw may have a greater helix angle than a right hand screw.
A screw’s helix angle is the angle formed by the helix and the axial line. Although the helix angle is not usually changed, it can have a significant effect on the processing of the screw and the amount of material conveyed. These changes are more common in 2 stage and special mixing screws, and metering screws. These measurements are crucial for determining the helix angle. In most cases, the lead angle is the correct angle when the screw shaft has the right helix angle.
High helix screws have large leads, sometimes up to 6 times the screw diameter. These screws reduce the screw diameter, mass, and inertia, allowing for higher speed and precision. High helix screws are also low-rotation, so they minimize vibrations and audible noises. But the right helix angle is important in any application. You must carefully choose the right type of screw for the job at hand.
If you choose a screw gear that has a helix angle other than parallel, you should select a thrust bearing with a correspondingly large center distance. In the case of a screw gear, a 45-degree helix angle is most common. A helix angle greater than zero degrees is also acceptable. Mixing up helix angles is beneficial because it allows for a variety of center distances and unique applications.
screwshaft

Thread angle

The thread angle of a screw shaft is measured from the base of the head of the screw to the top of the screw’s thread. In America, the standard screw thread angle is 60 degrees. The standard thread angle was not widely adopted until the early twentieth century. A committee was established by the Franklin Institute in 1864 to study screw threads. The committee recommended the Sellers thread, which was modified into the United States Standard Thread. The standardized thread was adopted by the United States Navy in 1868 and was recommended for construction by the Master Car Builders’ Association in 1871.
Generally speaking, the major diameter of a screw’s threads is the outside diameter. The major diameter of a nut is not directly measured, but can be determined with go/no-go gauges. It is necessary to understand the major and minor diameters in relation to each other in order to determine a screw’s thread angle. Once this is known, the next step is to determine how much of a pitch is necessary to ensure a screw’s proper function.
Helix angle and thread angle are 2 different types of angles that affect screw efficiency. For a lead screw, the helix angle is the angle between the helix of the thread and the line perpendicular to the axis of rotation. A lead screw has a greater helix angle than a helical one, but has higher frictional losses. A high-quality lead screw requires a higher torque to rotate. Thread angle and lead angle are complementary angles, but each screw has its own specific advantages.
Screw pitch and TPI have little to do with tolerances, craftsmanship, quality, or cost, but rather the size of a screw’s thread relative to its diameter. Compared to a standard screw, the fine and coarse threads are easier to tighten. The coarser thread is deeper, which results in lower torques. If a screw fails because of torsional shear, it is likely to be a result of a small minor diameter.

Material

Screws have a variety of different sizes, shapes, and materials. They are typically machined on CNC machines and lathes. Each type is used for different purposes. The size and material of a screw shaft are influenced by how it will be used. The following sections give an overview of the main types of screw shafts. Each 1 is designed to perform a specific function. If you have questions about a specific type, contact your local machine shop.
Lead screws are cheaper than ball screws and are used in light-duty, intermittent applications. Lead screws, however, have poor efficiency and are not recommended for continuous power transmission. But, they are effective in vertical applications and are more compact. Lead screws are typically used as a kinematic pair with a ball screw. Some types of lead screws also have self-locking properties. Because they have a low coefficient of friction, they have a compact design and very few parts.
Screws are made of a variety of metals and alloys. Steel is an economical and durable material, but there are also alloy steel and stainless steel types. Bronze nuts are the most common and are often used in higher-duty applications. Plastic nuts provide low-friction, which helps reduce the drive torques. Stainless steel screws are also used in high-performance applications, and may be made of titanium. The materials used to create screw shafts vary, but they all have their specific functions.
Screws are used in a wide range of applications, from industrial and consumer products to transportation equipment. They are used in many different industries, and the materials they’re made of can determine their life. The life of a screw depends on the load that it bears, the design of its internal structure, lubrication, and machining processes. When choosing screw assemblies, look for a screw made from the highest quality steels possible. Usually, the materials are very clean, so they’re a great choice for a screw. However, the presence of imperfections may cause a normal fatigue failure.
screwshaft

Self-locking features

Screws are known to be self-locking by nature. The mechanism for this feature is based on several factors, such as the pitch angle of the threads, material pairing, lubrication, and heating. This feature is only possible if the shaft is subjected to conditions that are not likely to cause the threads to loosen on their own. The self-locking ability of a screw depends on several factors, including the pitch angle of the thread flank and the coefficient of sliding friction between the 2 materials.
One of the most common uses of screws is in a screw top container lid, corkscrew, threaded pipe joint, vise, C-clamp, and screw jack. Other applications of screw shafts include transferring power, but these are often intermittent and low-power operations. Screws are also used to move material in Archimedes’ screw, auger earth drill, screw conveyor, and micrometer.
A common self-locking feature for a screw is the presence of a lead screw. A screw with a low PV value is safe to operate, but a screw with high PV will need a lower rotation speed. Another example is a self-locking screw that does not require lubrication. The PV value is also dependent on the material of the screw’s construction, as well as its lubrication conditions. Finally, a screw’s end fixity – the way the screw is supported – affects the performance and efficiency of a screw.
Lead screws are less expensive and easier to manufacture. They are a good choice for light-weight and intermittent applications. These screws also have self-locking capabilities. They can be self-tightened and require less torque for driving than other types. The advantage of lead screws is their small size and minimal number of parts. They are highly efficient in vertical and intermittent applications. They are not as accurate as lead screws and often have backlash, which is caused by insufficient threads.

China high quality 36V 350W Jiangsu Changzhou Conversion Kit Safeway Electric Bike with Rear Drive Motor   near me manufacturer China high quality 36V 350W Jiangsu Changzhou Conversion Kit Safeway Electric Bike with Rear Drive Motor   near me manufacturer

China Custom AC Industrial Electric Shaded Pole Motor Drive Exhaust Fan Blower near me supplier

Product Description


Specifications:
 

Power 30w
Voltage 110V
Frequency 50hz
poles  2
Speed 2500rpm
Insulation class  B
motor type shaded-pole motors

Ps: The items include phase,power,voltage,frequency,speed,pole can be customized as per customer’s request.

1.How do we ensure your product and service quality?

Our production process strictly follow ISO9001-2015 standard.We have strictly quality control system in our production process and 10 times inspection for each finished product before package.and We have 12 monthes quality guarantee after BL date.If the product can not work accord to the confirmation by both of you and us, and the problem is casued by our side, we will provide exchange same products to you.CZPT Appliance Team have 24*7 service for you. 

 

2.Can we offer and make samples if I only have drawings or samples?

Of course, we can offe to you according to your drawings and samples.CZPT Appliance is a OEM manufacturer covering all process of design,sampling,manufacture,testing,deliver.  

 

3.What Can you do if you can not find exact same product what you need? Can we customlize products as per your unique request? 

All displayed products on CZPT APPLIANCE ALIBABA WEBSITE just parts of our whole produts.And the specification shown is for exsit product.We can adjust the specifications to meet your demand.We can customlize products as per your unique request.So please contact us no any doubt.

 

4.How can you make your payment?

Aoer Appliance provide a Flexible and multi-choice for our clients. We will send you performance invoice once we get agreement with you.You can pay us via Alibaba Trade Assurance, Paypal,Western Union and T/T or L/C as you like.

 

5.When will you ship my order?

Normally,it need about 30days to manufacture your products after we receive your payment. Also it can be negotiated based on order qty and production schedule.

 

6.What is the MOQ?

Different poducts have different MOQ. Frankly, the MOQ is 100 pcs.But please dont hesitate to check with us for any items.

 

7.What is the most convenient way if you have plan to visit us?

Welcome to CZPT Appliance!Our company is located in HangZhou City.It’s almost the center among HangZhou, HangZhou and HangZhou.If you are in HangZhou, HangZhou and HangZhou. You just tell us your address,we will pick you up.If you are in ZheJiang ,You just take train to “HangZhou east station”,we will pick you up at train station.

The Four Basic Components of a Screw Shaft

There are 4 basic components of a screw shaft: the Head, the Thread angle, and the Threaded shank. These components determine the length, shape, and quality of a screw. Understanding how these components work together can make purchasing screws easier. This article will cover these important factors and more. Once you know these, you can select the right type of screw for your project. If you need help choosing the correct type of screw, contact a qualified screw dealer.

Thread angle

The angle of a thread on a screw shaft is the difference between the 2 sides of the thread. Threads that are unified have a 60 degree angle. Screws have 2 parts: a major diameter, also known as the screw’s outside diameter, and a minor diameter, or the screw’s root diameter. A screw or nut has a major diameter and a minor diameter. Each has its own angle, but they all have 1 thing in common – the angle of thread is measured perpendicularly to the screw’s axis.
The pitch of a screw depends on the helix angle of the thread. In a single-start screw, the lead is equal to the pitch, and the thread angle of a multiple-start screw is based on the number of starts. Alternatively, you can use a square-threaded screw. Its square thread minimizes the contact surface between the nut and the screw, which improves efficiency and performance. A square thread requires fewer motors to transfer the same load, making it a good choice for heavy-duty applications.
A screw thread has 4 components. First, there is the pitch. This is the distance between the top and bottom surface of a nut. This is the distance the thread travels in a full revolution of the screw. Next, there is the pitch surface, which is the imaginary cylinder formed by the average of the crest and root height of each tooth. Next, there is the pitch angle, which is the angle between the pitch surface and the gear axis.
screwshaft

Head

There are 3 types of head for screws: flat, round, and hexagonal. They are used in industrial applications and have a flat outer face and a conical interior. Some varieties have a tamper-resistant pin in the head. These are usually used in the fabrication of bicycle parts. Some are lightweight, and can be easily carried from 1 place to another. This article will explain what each type of head is used for, and how to choose the right 1 for your screw.
The major diameter is the largest diameter of the thread. This is the distance between the crest and the root of the thread. The minor diameter is the smaller diameter and is the distance between the major and minor diameters. The minor diameter is half the major diameter. The major diameter is the upper surface of the thread. The minor diameter corresponds to the lower extreme of the thread. The thread angle is proportional to the distance between the major and minor diameters.
Lead screws are a more affordable option. They are easier to manufacture and less expensive than ball screws. They are also more efficient in vertical applications and low-speed operations. Some types of lead screws are also self-locking, and have a high coefficient of friction. Lead screws also have fewer parts. These types of screw shafts are available in various sizes and shapes. If you’re wondering which type of head of screw shaft to buy, this article is for you.

Threaded shank

Wood screws are made up of 2 parts: the head and the shank. The shank is not threaded all the way up. It is only partially threaded and contains the drive. This makes them less likely to overheat. Heads on wood screws include Oval, Round, Hex, Modified Truss, and Flat. Some of these are considered the “top” of the screw.
Screws come in many sizes and thread pitches. An M8 screw has a 1.25-mm thread pitch. The pitch indicates the distance between 2 identical threads. A pitch of 1 is greater than the other. The other is smaller and coarse. In most cases, the pitch of a screw is indicated by the letter M followed by the diameter in millimetres. Unless otherwise stated, the pitch of a screw is greater than its diameter.
Generally, the shank diameter is smaller than the head diameter. A nut with a drilled shank is commonly used. Moreover, a cotter pin nut is similar to a castle nut. Internal threads are usually created using a special tap for very hard metals. This tap must be followed by a regular tap. Slotted machine screws are usually sold packaged with nuts. Lastly, studs are often used in automotive and machine applications.
In general, screws with a metric thread are more difficult to install and remove. Fortunately, there are many different types of screw threads, which make replacing screws a breeze. In addition to these different sizes, many of these screws have safety wire holes to keep them from falling. These are just some of the differences between threaded screw and non-threaded. There are many different types of screw threads, and choosing the right 1 will depend on your needs and your budget.
screwshaft

Point

There are 3 types of screw heads with points: cone, oval, and half-dog. Each point is designed for a particular application, which determines its shape and tip. For screw applications, cone, oval, and half-dog points are common. Full dog points are not common, and they are available in a limited number of sizes and lengths. According to ASTM standards, point penetration contributes as much as 15% of the total holding power of the screw, but a cone-shaped point may be more preferred in some circumstances.
There are several types of set screws, each with its own advantage. Flat-head screws reduce indentation and frequent adjustment. Dog-point screws help maintain a secure grip by securing the collar to the screw shaft. Cup-point set screws, on the other hand, provide a slip-resistant connection. The diameter of a cup-point screw is usually half of its shaft diameter. If the screw is too small, it may slack and cause the screw collar to slip.
The UNF series has a larger area for tensile stress than coarse threads and is less prone to stripping. It’s used for external threads, limited engagement, and thinner walls. When using a UNF, always use a standard tap before a specialized tap. For example, a screw with a UNF point is the same size as a type C screw but with a shorter length.

Spacer

A spacer is an insulating material that sits between 2 parts and centers the shaft of a screw or other fastener. Spacers come in different sizes and shapes. Some of them are made of Teflon, which is thin and has a low coefficient of friction. Other materials used for spacers include steel, which is durable and works well in many applications. Plastic spacers are available in various thicknesses, ranging from 4.6 to 8 mm. They’re suitable for mounting gears and other items that require less contact surface.
These devices are used for precision fastening applications and are essential fastener accessories. They create clearance gaps between the 2 joined surfaces or components and enable the screw or bolt to be torqued correctly. Here’s a quick guide to help you choose the right spacer for the job. There are many different spacers available, and you should never be without one. All you need is a little research and common sense. And once you’re satisfied with your purchase, you can make a more informed decision.
A spacer is a component that allows the components to be spaced appropriately along a screw shaft. This tool is used to keep space between 2 objects, such as the spinning wheel and an adjacent metal structure. It also helps ensure that a competition game piece doesn’t rub against an adjacent metal structure. In addition to its common use, spacers can be used in many different situations. The next time you need a spacer, remember to check that the hole in your screw is threaded.
screwshaft

Nut

A nut is a simple device used to secure a screw shaft. The nut is fixed on each end of the screw shaft and rotates along its length. The nut is rotated by a motor, usually a stepper motor, which uses beam coupling to accommodate misalignments in the high-speed movement of the screw. Nuts are used to secure screw shafts to machined parts, and also to mount bearings on adapter sleeves and withdrawal sleeves.
There are several types of nut for screw shafts. Some have radial anti-backlash properties, which prevent unwanted radial clearances. In addition, they are designed to compensate for thread wear. Several nut styles are available, including anti-backlash radial nuts, which have a spring that pushes down on the nut’s flexible fingers. Axial anti-backlash nuts also provide thread-locking properties.
To install a ball nut, you must first align the tangs of the ball and nut. Then, you must place the adjusting nut on the shaft and tighten it against the spacer and spring washer. Then, you need to lubricate the threads, the ball grooves, and the spring washers. Once you’ve installed the nut, you can now install the ball screw assembly.
A nut for screw shaft can be made with either a ball or a socket. These types differ from hex nuts in that they don’t need end support bearings, and are rigidly mounted at the ends. These screws can also have internal cooling mechanisms to improve rigidity. In this way, they are easier to tension than rotating screws. You can also buy hollow stationary screws for rotator nut assemblies. This type is great for applications requiring high heat and wide temperature changes, but you should be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions.

China Custom AC Industrial Electric Shaded Pole Motor Drive Exhaust Fan Blower   near me supplier China Custom AC Industrial Electric Shaded Pole Motor Drive Exhaust Fan Blower   near me supplier

China Standard New Arrival Fatbike 20″ X4.0 Rear Drive Motor Mountain E Bike 48V 500W/1000W Electric Fat Tire Bike with Great quality

Product Description

Product Description

Features

1.500W integrated wheel motor (marked as 250W)with water proof connector

2.Disc brake for both

3.48V 13AH Lithium Battery(Sumsung cells)
4.K-Meter LCD display
5.LED light for front

6.Front fork: MOZO hydraulic suspension fork with lock

7.7 speed CZPT gear shift

 

 

Frame

Aluminum alloy frame

Motor

500W 

Battery

48V 13AH Lithium battery

Display

LCD display

Light

LED light for front 

Tire

20”×4.0 Kenda Tire

 Brake

Disc brake for both

Front Fork

Aluminum alloy with hydraulic suspension

Derailleurs

7 speed CZPT gear shift

Max speed

25km/h-32km/h

Driving distance

Approx 45-70km

Loading capacity

150KGS

G.W

40KGS

Packing size

160×27×85cm

Container loads

80pcs/20’GP; 165pcs/40’HQ

1.K-Meter LCD display 

speed indocator, battery indicator, HangZhouage indicator.

Aluminum alloy handle bar

2.Make a safe cycling

LED light with higher brightness ,energy conservation and environment protection, low consumption

3.BMS system keep your battery safe from over-charging,over outlet and high temperature.And the battery is convinent to removable.
1. Warranty policy
 
a.)     For main electronic parts, charger, controller and battery, we provide 6 months warranty.
b.)     For motor, we provide 12 months warranty.
c.)     For frame, handlebar, stem and wheel rim we provide 2 years warranty.
 
 1.1 The following conditions, not including in warranty policy
a.)     Any damages caused by human factor.
b.)     Dismounting any parts without professional technical people.
c.)     Use other parts in our electric bike or scooter.
d.)     Damages caused by traffic accident and other accident.
e.)     The problem caused by overloading.
 
 2. Technical support
 
a.)     We provide “electric circuit diagram” for each model.
b.)     We can train customer’s 1 or 2 technical workers for free.
c.)     When oversea customers meet serious problem, they can not work out by technican, we will dispatch engineer to customer’s company to give help.
 
FAQ
 
 1.  Can I order sample?
 Answer: Yes, we accept sample for trial order?
 
2.  How long for delivery time?
 Answer: For sample order, our delivery time is 20 to 30days; for 1 full container, it’s 25 to 45days.
 
3.  Which colores will be available?
 Answer: Normally, we will introduce the most popular colores to customers. At the same time, we are CZPT to make colores according to customer’s demands.
 
4.  Can I use my logo(sticker) on the electric bike?
 Answer: Yes, we can make customer’s logo(sticker) on the electric bike for 1 full container order.
 
5.  How to delivery to foreign buyer?
 Answer: For sample order, the customer can select by sea or by air.  For full container order, by sea is the  best choice.
 
6.  Need I assemble parts of the electric bike when we get them?
 Answer: Yes, we will take out few parts, like pedals(if have), mirrors(if have), front wheel, front fender, and  rear trunk(if have) before package. Our workers will put these parts in electric bike cartons. And will send 1 professional tool bag to help you assemble. It’s easy to make it.
 
7. Can I mix different models in 1 full container order?
 Answer: Yes, we accept different models in 1 full container.
 
8.  Need I buy spare parts for first order?
 Answer: Yes, you need to buy some spare parts for future service. The quantity depends on your electric  bike order. We will give you advice when you need.
 

Our service
1. OEM Manufacturing welcome: Product, Package…
2. Sample order
3. We will reply you for your inquiry in 24 hours.
4. After sending, we will track the products for you once every 2 days, until you get the products. When you got the goods, test them, and give me a feedback.If you have any questions about the problem, contact with us, we will offer the solve way for you.

Certifications

Company Profile

Packaging & Shipping

FAQ

Lead Screws and Clamp Style Collars

If you have a lead screw, you’re probably interested in learning about the Acme thread on this type of shaft. You might also be interested in finding out about the Clamp style collars and Ball screw nut. But before you buy a new screw, make sure you understand what the terminology means. Here are some examples of screw shafts:

Acme thread

The standard ACME thread on a screw shaft is made of a metal that is resistant to corrosion and wear. It is used in a variety of applications. An Acme thread is available in a variety of sizes and styles. General purpose Acme threads are not designed to handle external radial loads and are supported by a shaft bearing and linear guide. Their design is intended to minimize the risk of flank wedging, which can cause friction forces and wear. The Centralizing Acme thread standard caters to applications without radial support and allows the thread to come into contact before its flanks are exposed to radial loads.
The ACME thread was first developed in 1894 for machine tools. While the acme lead screw is still the most popular screw in the US, European machines use the Trapezoidal Thread (Metric Acme). The acme thread is a stronger and more resilient alternative to square threads. It is also easier to cut than square threads and can be cut by using a single-point threading die.
Similarly to the internal threads, the metric versions of Acme are similar to their American counterparts. The only difference is that the metric threads are generally wider and are used more frequently in industrial settings. However, the metric-based screw threads are more common than their American counterparts worldwide. In addition, the Acme thread on screw shafts is used most often on external gears. But there is still a small minority of screw shafts that are made with a metric thread.
ACME screws provide a variety of advantages to users, including self-lubrication and reduced wear and tear. They are also ideal for vertical applications, where a reduced frictional force is required. In addition, ACME screws are highly resistant to back-drive and minimize the risk of backlash. Furthermore, they can be easily checked with readily available thread gauges. So, if you’re looking for a quality ACME screw for your next industrial project, look no further than ACME.
screwshaft

Lead screw coatings

The properties of lead screw materials affect their efficiency. These materials have high anti-corrosion, thermal resistance, and self-lubrication properties, which eliminates the need for lubrication. These coating materials include polytetrafluoroethylene (PFE), polyether ether ketone (PEK), and Vespel. Other desirable properties include high tensile strength, corrosion resistance, and rigidity.
The most common materials for lead screws are carbon steel, stainless steel, and aluminum. Lead screw coatings can be PTFE-based to withstand harsh environments and remove oil and grease. In addition to preventing corrosion, lead screw coatings improve the life of polymer parts. Lead screw assembly manufacturers offer a variety of customization options for their lead screw, including custom-molded nuts, thread forms, and nut bodies.
Lead screws are typically measured in rpm, or revolutions per minute. The PV curve represents the inverse relationship between contact surface pressure and sliding velocity. This value is affected by the material used in the construction of the screw, lubrication conditions, and end fixity. The critical speed of lead screws is determined by their length and minor diameter. End fixity refers to the support for the screw and affects its rigidity and critical speed.
The primary purpose of lead screws is to enable smooth movement. To achieve this, lead screws are usually preloaded with axial load, enabling consistent contact between a screw’s filets and nuts. Lead screws are often used in linear motion control systems and feature a large area of sliding contact between male and female threads. Lead screws can be manually operated or mortised and are available in a variety of sizes and materials. The materials used for lead screws include stainless steel and bronze, which are often protected by a PTFE type coating.
These screws are made of various materials, including stainless steel, bronze, and various plastics. They are also made to meet specific requirements for environmental conditions. In addition to lead screws, they can be made of stainless steel, aluminum, and carbon steel. Surface coatings can improve the screw’s corrosion resistance, while making it more wear resistant in tough environments. A screw that is coated with PTFE will maintain its anti-corrosion properties even in tough environments.
screwshaft

Clamp style collars

The screw shaft clamp style collar is a basic machine component, which is attached to the shaft via multiple screws. These collars act as mechanical stops, load bearing faces, or load transfer points. Their simple design makes them easy to install. This article will discuss the pros and cons of this style of collar. Let’s look at what you need to know before choosing a screw shaft clamp style collar. Here are some things to keep in mind.
Clamp-style shaft collars are a versatile mounting option for shafts. They have a recessed screw that fully engages the thread for secure locking. Screw shaft clamp collars come in different styles and can be used in both drive and power transmission applications. Listed below are the main differences between these 2 styles of collars. They are compatible with all types of shafts and are able to handle axial loads of up to 5500 pounds.
Clamp-style shaft collars are designed to prevent the screw from accidentally damaging the shaft when tightened. They can be tightened with a set screw to counteract the initial clamping force and prevent the shaft from coming loose. However, when tightening the screw, you should use a torque wrench. Using a set screw to tighten a screw shaft collar can cause it to warp and reduce the surface area that contacts the shaft.
Another key advantage to Clamp-style shaft collars is that they are easy to install. Clamp-style collars are available in one-piece and two-piece designs. These collars lock around the shaft and are easy to remove and install. They are ideal for virtually any shaft and can be installed without removing any components. This type of collar is also recommended for those who work on machines with sensitive components. However, be aware that the higher the OD, the more difficult it is to install and remove the collar.
Screw shaft clamp style collars are usually one-piece. A two-piece collar is easier to install than a one-piece one. The two-piece collars provide a more effective clamping force, as they use the full seating torque. Two-piece collars have the added benefit of being easy to install because they require no tools to install. You can disassemble one-piece collars before installing a two-piece collar.
screwshaft

Ball screw nut

The proper installation of a ball screw nut requires that the nut be installed on the center of the screw shaft. The return tubes of the ball nut must be oriented upward so that the ball nut will not overtravel. The adjusting nut must be tightened against a spacer or spring washer, then the nut is placed on the screw shaft. The nut should be rotated several times in both directions to ensure that it is centered.
Ball screw nuts are typically manufactured with a wide range of preloads. Large preloads are used to increase the rigidity of a ball screw assembly and prevent backlash, the lost motion caused by a clearance between the ball and nut. Using a large amount of preload can lead to excessive heat generation. The most common preload for ball screw nuts is 1 to 3%. This is usually more than enough to prevent backlash, but a higher preload will increase torque requirements.
The diameter of a ball screw is measured from its center, called the ball circle diameter. This diameter represents the distance a ball will travel during 1 rotation of the screw shaft. A smaller diameter means that there are fewer balls to carry the load. Larger leads mean longer travels per revolution and higher speeds. However, this type of screw cannot carry a greater load capacity. Increasing the length of the ball nut is not practical, due to manufacturing constraints.
The most important component of a ball screw is a ball bearing. This prevents excessive friction between the ball and the nut, which is common in lead-screw and nut combinations. Some ball screws feature preloaded balls, which avoid “wiggle” between the nut and the ball. This is particularly desirable in applications with rapidly changing loads. When this is not possible, the ball screw will experience significant backlash.
A ball screw nut can be either single or multiple circuits. Single or multiple-circuit ball nuts can be configured with 1 or 2 independent closed paths. Multi-circuit ball nuts have 2 or more circuits, making them more suitable for heavier loads. Depending on the application, a ball screw nut can be used for small clearance assemblies and compact sizes. In some cases, end caps and deflectors may be used to feed the balls back to their original position.

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China manufacturer Hot Sale CNC Machining Transmission Shaft Carbon Steel Drive Shaft Industrial Machinery Press Brake Stainless Steel Electric Motor Machine Tool Axis with Great quality

Product Description

 

           ZheJiang E-Rally Technology Co., Ltd. is 1 of most experienced professional rapid prototype and mass production manufacturer. Located in ZheJiang China.
          Our market focus is to supply the professional machining solution for micro precision partsAuto Spare Parts, Especially Semiconductor equipment parts, Environmental protection equipment parts, Testing equipment parts, And other kinds of high precision parts manufacturing. We don’t only provide OEM services, we can also provide you with the professional technical support and best production plan of equipment and parts.
         We specialize in rapid prototyping, rapid tooling, low volume and mass production manufacturing of custom parts. We produce over 10,000 kinds of parts every year, with rich processing experience, we can make everything into reality. Short lead time, 24-hour response, full steps QC inspection, Non-disclosure agreement is strictly respected.
         Please feel free to contact us.
 

Cooperate with us You Will Get:

* Competitive Price Of CNC Precision Machinery part

* Good Quality Assurance

* In Time Sampling & In Time Shipment

* Quality Guarantee

* Free Sample Can Be Provided Some Time

* Low MOQ

* Reply in 24 hours and fast quotaion

How to work with us?

1. Send us your 3D drawing (STEP/IGS/SolidWorks format etc. ) so we can check all dimension to quote.

2. Expatiate your requirements (your quantity, material, and surface finish requirements, etc.) to our email 

Drawing Format Can Done By E-Rally?

dwg, dxf, prt, iGS, step, stp, iges, slprt, asm, x_t files are all accepted.

What kinds of CNC machining product is suitable to send to E-Rally for quoation?

CNC machining product, CNC milling product, CNC lathing product, CNC turning product, CNC precision machining product, maching product, precision product and all machining parts used in different industrials such as: spray nozzle, car accessories, railway accessories, bathroom accessoires, equipemnt spare parts, pipe and fittings and so on.

Product Description

 

Product Name: CNC Machinery Part For Multi industry equipment Auto Part Phone Parts Machine Part Household appliance parts
Manufacture Process: Design – Primary Processing-CNC Machining-Inspecting-Packing
Main Material: Aluminium,Brass,Steel,etc.
Color: Custom Color
Finish: Clean/Polish/Anodized/Custom Surface
Production Equipment: CNC Machining, CNC Turning, CNC Milling, 
Complex CNC turning & milling, 4 & 5 Axis CNC Machining, 
Laser Cutting, CNC Bending, Wire Cutting, Stamping, Casting,  Grinding etc.
Surface Treatment:  Clear/black/golden/blue/red/hard Anodizing
 Glass bead blasting, Brushing, Polish
 Zinc/Nickel/Silver Plating
 Powder Coating, Heat treatment, Black oxdized
 Passivate, Painting, Laser engraving, Silk screen etc.
Measuring Instruments and Equipment:  1) Micrometer

2) Smooth plug gauge

3) Thread gauge

4) Image measuring instrument

5) Coordinate Measuring Machine

6) Roughness tester

7) Routine inspection of calipers

Tolerance: ± 0.005~0.100 mm
Quality control: ISO 9001:2008 & IATF 16949
Sample time: 1-3 days
Service: Customized OEM/ODM
Shipment: Fedex, DHL, UPS, Sea or Air Shipment, etc.
One-stop Service: Custom Design, Fabrication, Assembly And Delivery
File Format: Solidworks,Pro/Engineer,Auto CAD,C4D,Creo,PDF,JPG,DXF,IGS,STEP,DWG

Customized CNC Parts for Various Equipment Auto Moto Parts

 

High precision custom mold / Injection CZPT / Mold accessories

Machinable materials
Steel 1018 Stainless Steel 17-4PH Copper/Brass 110
1045 302 145
1050 303 147
1117 304 314
1141 316 316
1144 321 360
11L17 409 544
11L41 410 624
1215 416 Beryllium Copper
12L14 420 Plastics ABS
4140 430 PC
4142 440 PP
41L40 Aluminum 2011 PEEK
41L42 2571 PET
8620 5052 PUM
86L20 6061 PVC
E52100 6063 Delron
Fatigue proof 6082 Nylon
Stress proof 6262 Teflon
Customized 7075 Celcon

Steel Aluminum Copper/Brass Plastics

 

Previous Cases

CNC Machining CNC Turning Motorcycles Parts Mould Laser Cutting Stamping Parts

 

☆☆☆☆☆
All the pictures are actually taken by rally. Every year, more than 10,000 kinds of parts are manufactured, involving many industries:

Medical equipment Semiconductor equipment 5g communication equipment Packaging equipment Intelligent assembly

 

Logistics Delivery

 

 

FAQ

1. Are you a trader or a manufacturer?
KTS:We are manufacturer, our factory is located in HangZhou, ZheJiang Province, China, The starting point of HangZhou Europe Railway, Welcome to visit our factory.

2. May i order small quantity of CNC mashinery parts or carbide products?
KTS:We support small batch customization, but different models have different MOQ, please contact US to confirm.

3.Can you provide sample?

KTS: Yes, please feel free to tell us, also your own design is welcome to make sample for you, After confirming the authenticity of your company, we are willing to provide small quantities of free samples.

4.What is your price term, payment term and delivery terms?
Price Terms: By FOB ZheJiang or other port. Balance before shipment. Rail transport is also allowed. 
Payment Terms: T/T advance.
Delivery Terms: By express, by air, by train, by shipment or as requirement

Contact us:       

                                             
ZheJiang E-Rally supply Chain Machinery Co.,Ltd.
Address: No.1, floor 1, building 1, No.26 Xixin Avenue, high tech Zone, HangZhou, ZheJiang , China

If there’s anything we can help, please feel free to contact with us.                                                    
We’re sure your any inquiry or requirement will get prompt attention.

Screw Sizes and Their Uses

Screws have different sizes and features. This article will discuss screw sizes and their uses. There are 2 main types: right-handed and left-handed screw shafts. Each screw features a point that drills into the object. Flat tipped screws, on the other hand, need a pre-drilled hole. These screw sizes are determined by the major and minor diameters. To determine which size of screw you need, measure the diameter of the hole and the screw bolt’s thread depth.

The major diameter of a screw shaft

The major diameter of a screw shaft is the distance from the outer edge of the thread on 1 side to the tip of the other. The minor diameter is the inner smooth part of the screw shaft. The major diameter of a screw is typically between 2 and 16 inches. A screw with a pointy tip has a smaller major diameter than 1 without. In addition, a screw with a larger major diameter will have a wider head and drive.
The thread of a screw is usually characterized by its pitch and angle of engagement. The pitch is the angle formed by the helix of a thread, while the crest forms the surface of the thread corresponding to the major diameter of the screw. The pitch angle is the angle between the gear axis and the pitch surface. Screws without self-locking threads have multiple starts, or helical threads.
The pitch is a crucial component of a screw’s threading system. Pitch is the distance from a given thread point to the corresponding point of the next thread on the same shaft. The pitch line is 1 element of pitch diameter. The pitch line, or lead, is a crucial dimension for the thread of a screw, as it controls the amount of thread that will advance during a single turn.
screwshaft

The pitch diameter of a screw shaft

When choosing the appropriate screw, it is important to know its pitch diameter and pitch line. The pitch line designates the distance between adjacent thread sides. The pitch diameter is also known as the mean area of the screw shaft. Both of these dimensions are important when choosing the correct screw. A screw with a pitch of 1/8 will have a mechanical advantage of 6.3. For more information, consult an application engineer at Roton.
The pitch diameter of a screw shaft is measured as the distance between the crest and the root of the thread. Threads that are too long or too short will not fit together in an assembly. To measure pitch, use a measuring tool with a metric scale. If the pitch is too small, it will cause the screw to loosen or get stuck. Increasing the pitch will prevent this problem. As a result, screw diameter is critical.
The pitch diameter of a screw shaft is measured from the crest of 1 thread to the corresponding point on the next thread. Measurement is made from 1 thread to another, which is then measured using the pitch. Alternatively, the pitch diameter can be approximated by averaging the major and minor diameters. In most cases, the pitch diameter of a screw shaft is equal to the difference between the two.

The thread depth of a screw shaft

Often referred to as the major diameter, the thread depth is the outermost diameter of the screw. To measure the thread depth of a screw, use a steel rule, micrometer, or caliper. In general, the first number in the thread designation indicates the major diameter of the thread. If a section of the screw is worn, the thread depth will be smaller, and vice versa. Therefore, it is good practice to measure the section of the screw that receives the least amount of use.
In screw manufacturing, the thread depth is measured from the crest of the screw to the root. The pitch diameter is halfway between the major and minor diameters. The lead diameter represents the amount of linear distance traveled in 1 revolution. As the lead increases, the load capacity decreases. This measurement is primarily used in the construction of screws. However, it should not be used for precision machines. The thread depth of a screw shaft is essential for achieving accurate screw installation.
To measure the thread depth of a screw shaft, the manufacturer must first determine how much material the thread is exposed to. If the thread is exposed to side loads, it can cause the nut to wedge. Because the nut will be side loaded, its thread flanks will contact the nut. The less clearance between the nut and the screw, the lower the clearance between the nut and the screw. However, if the thread is centralized, there is no risk of the nut wedgeing.
screwshaft

The lead of a screw shaft

Pitch and lead are 2 measurements of a screw’s linear distance per turn. They’re often used interchangeably, but their definitions are not the same. The difference between them lies in the axial distance between adjacent threads. For single-start screws, the pitch is equal to the lead, while the lead of a multi-start screw is greater than the pitch. This difference is often referred to as backlash.
There are 2 ways to calculate the pitch and lead of a screw. For single-start screws, the lead and pitch are equal. Multiple-start screws, on the other hand, have multiple starts. The pitch of a multiple-start screw is the same as its lead, but with 2 or more threads running the length of the screw shaft. A square-thread screw is a better choice in applications requiring high load-bearing capacity and minimal friction losses.
The PV curve defines the safe operating limits of lead screw assemblies. It describes the inverse relationship between contact surface pressure and sliding velocity. As the load increases, the lead screw assembly must slow down in order to prevent irreversible damage from frictional heat. Furthermore, a lead screw assembly with a polymer nut must reduce rpm as the load increases. The more speed, the lower the load capacity. But, the PV factor must be below the maximum allowed value of the material used to make the screw shaft.

The thread angle of a screw shaft

The angle between the axes of a thread and the helix of a thread is called the thread angle. A unified thread has a 60-degree angle in all directions. Screws can have either a tapped hole or a captive screw. The screw pitch is measured in millimeters (mm) and is usually equal to the screw major diameter. In most cases, the thread angle will be equal to 60-degrees.
Screws with different angles have various degrees of thread. Originally, this was a problem because of the inconsistency in the threading. However, Sellers’s thread was easier to manufacture and was soon adopted as a standard throughout the United States. The United States government began to adopt this thread standard in the mid-1800s, and several influential corporations in the railroad industry endorsed it. The resulting standard is called the United States Standard thread, and it became part of the ASA’s Vol. 1 publication.
There are 2 types of screw threads: coarse and fine. The latter is easier to tighten and achieves tension at lower torques. On the other hand, the coarse thread is deeper than the fine one, making it easier to apply torque to the screw. The thread angle of a screw shaft will vary from bolt to bolt, but they will both fit in the same screw. This makes it easier to select the correct screw.
screwshaft

The tapped hole (or nut) into which the screw fits

A screw can be re-threaded without having to replace it altogether. The process is different than that of a standard bolt, because it requires threading and tapping. The size of a screw is typically specified by its major and minor diameters, which is the inside distance between threads. The thread pitch, which is the distance between each thread, is also specified. Thread pitch is often expressed in threads per inch.
Screws and bolts have different thread pitches. A coarse thread has fewer threads per inch and a longer distance between threads. It is therefore larger in diameter and longer than the material it is screwed into. A coarse thread is often designated with an “A” or “B” letter. The latter is generally used in smaller-scale metalworking applications. The class of threading is called a “threaded hole” and is designated by a letter.
A tapped hole is often a complication. There is a wide range of variations between the sizes of threaded holes and nut threads, so the tapped hole is a critical dimension in many applications. However, even if you choose a threaded screw that meets the requisite tolerance, there may be a mismatch in the thread pitch. This can prevent the screw from freely rotating.

China manufacturer Hot Sale CNC Machining Transmission Shaft Carbon Steel Drive Shaft Industrial Machinery Press Brake Stainless Steel Electric Motor Machine Tool Axis   with Great qualityChina manufacturer Hot Sale CNC Machining Transmission Shaft Carbon Steel Drive Shaft Industrial Machinery Press Brake Stainless Steel Electric Motor Machine Tool Axis   with Great quality