Tag Archives: speed gear

China high quality Hot High Speed Stacking Gear Drive 4 Color T-Shirt Plastic Bag Flexo Printing Machine for Sale Price near me manufacturer

Product Description

Main Parameter

items describe
Maximum paper width 1050mm
Maximum printing width 1000mm
Registration Precision 0.1mm
Printing repeat 300-600mm
Maximum unwinding dia 1500mm
Maximum rewinding dia 1500mm
Unwinding type Air shaft
Rewinding type Surface tension
Gear format 5mm per tooth
The speed 150-200m/min
The thickness of plate 2.28mm
The thickness of tape 0.38mm
Suitable materials Paper cup, paper box etc
The color of machine Grey and white
Operation language Chinese
Air comsuption 6KG, 0.6L/Min clear,dry,no water/oil AIR
Voltage required 380 VAC +/-10%   3PH  50HZ
Dry type Electric heating,Heating power27KW
Total power 102kw
Dimension 7600*2700*3400mm


Samples reference


ISO &CE certification

Win-win cooperation with clients

Container loading



Q: What types of machines do you have? How long has your factory been in this field?
We have more than 10 years of experience in manufacturing Roll Die Cutting Machine, Roll Die Punching Machine, Carton Erecting Machine, Paper Box Forming Machine, Paper Cake Box Machine, Flexo Printing Machine, Cartoning Machine working with listed packaging companies for KFC, Mcdonald’s, Subway, Starbucks.

Q: Where is the factory located?
We are located in Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Town, Xihu (West Lake) Dis.. It takes 10 minutes by car from HangZhou Train Station and 1 hour from HangZhou International Airport.

Q: What Is the machine delivery time? What is the packing way for delivery?
Generally speaking, the CI flexo printing machine could be shipped out within 60-90 days after confirming everything. And it will be packed by flexible packaging with an iron underframe.

Q: How about the machine guarantee?
During 1 year, for any parts damaged caused by the machine-self, the seller will repair/replace the spare parts for free, but the buyer should pay the freight. After 1 year, the seller will supply the spare parts to buyers at the cost. The machine service is all around the machine life.

 QHow about after-sales?
Based on our strong after-sales team and rich experience, we can resolve most of the problems online by video call, messages, and e-mail.

Q: Does Feida accept customized machines?
Yes, we could design the machine based on the customer’s requirements.

Q: What is Feida’s working time?
24 hours online,  but we will reply to messages from 7:30 am to 00:00 per day.

How to Calculate Stiffness, Centering Force, Wear and Fatigue Failure of Spline Couplings

There are various types of spline couplings. These couplings have several important properties. These properties are: Stiffness, Involute splines, Misalignment, Wear and fatigue failure. To understand how these characteristics relate to spline couplings, read this article. It will give you the necessary knowledge to determine which type of coupling best suits your needs. Keeping in mind that spline couplings are usually spherical in shape, they are made of steel.

Involute splines

An effective side interference condition minimizes gear misalignment. When 2 splines are coupled with no spline misalignment, the maximum tensile root stress shifts to the left by 5 mm. A linear lead variation, which results from multiple connections along the length of the spline contact, increases the effective clearance or interference by a given percentage. This type of misalignment is undesirable for coupling high-speed equipment.
Involute splines are often used in gearboxes. These splines transmit high torque, and are better able to distribute load among multiple teeth throughout the coupling circumference. The involute profile and lead errors are related to the spacing between spline teeth and keyways. For coupling applications, industry practices use splines with 25 to 50-percent of spline teeth engaged. This load distribution is more uniform than that of conventional single-key couplings.
To determine the optimal tooth engagement for an involved spline coupling, Xiangzhen Xue and colleagues used a computer model to simulate the stress applied to the splines. The results from this study showed that a “permissible” Ruiz parameter should be used in coupling. By predicting the amount of wear and tear on a crowned spline, the researchers could accurately predict how much damage the components will sustain during the coupling process.
There are several ways to determine the optimal pressure angle for an involute spline. Involute splines are commonly measured using a pressure angle of 30 degrees. Similar to gears, involute splines are typically tested through a measurement over pins. This involves inserting specific-sized wires between gear teeth and measuring the distance between them. This method can tell whether the gear has a proper tooth profile.
The spline system shown in Figure 1 illustrates a vibration model. This simulation allows the user to understand how involute splines are used in coupling. The vibration model shows 4 concentrated mass blocks that represent the prime mover, the internal spline, and the load. It is important to note that the meshing deformation function represents the forces acting on these 3 components.

Stiffness of coupling

The calculation of stiffness of a spline coupling involves the measurement of its tooth engagement. In the following, we analyze the stiffness of a spline coupling with various types of teeth using 2 different methods. Direct inversion and blockwise inversion both reduce CPU time for stiffness calculation. However, they require evaluation submatrices. Here, we discuss the differences between these 2 methods.
The analytical model for spline couplings is derived in the second section. In the third section, the calculation process is explained in detail. We then validate this model against the FE method. Finally, we discuss the influence of stiffness nonlinearity on the rotor dynamics. Finally, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. We present a simple yet effective method for estimating the lateral stiffness of spline couplings.
The numerical calculation of the spline coupling is based on the semi-analytical spline load distribution model. This method involves refined contact grids and updating the compliance matrix at each iteration. Hence, it consumes significant computational time. Further, it is difficult to apply this method to the dynamic analysis of a rotor. This method has its own limitations and should be used only when the spline coupling is fully investigated.
The meshing force is the force generated by a misaligned spline coupling. It is related to the spline thickness and the transmitting torque of the rotor. The meshing force is also related to the dynamic vibration displacement. The result obtained from the meshing force analysis is given in Figures 7, 8, and 9.
The analysis presented in this paper aims to investigate the stiffness of spline couplings with a misaligned spline. Although the results of previous studies were accurate, some issues remained. For example, the misalignment of the spline may cause contact damages. The aim of this article is to investigate the problems associated with misaligned spline couplings and propose an analytical approach for estimating the contact pressure in a spline connection. We also compare our results to those obtained by pure numerical approaches.


To determine the centering force, the effective pressure angle must be known. Using the effective pressure angle, the centering force is calculated based on the maximum axial and radial loads and updated Dudley misalignment factors. The centering force is the maximum axial force that can be transmitted by friction. Several published misalignment factors are also included in the calculation. A new method is presented in this paper that considers the cam effect in the normal force.
In this new method, the stiffness along the spline joint can be integrated to obtain a global stiffness that is applicable to torsional vibration analysis. The stiffness of bearings can also be calculated at given levels of misalignment, allowing for accurate estimation of bearing dimensions. It is advisable to check the stiffness of bearings at all times to ensure that they are properly sized and aligned.
A misalignment in a spline coupling can result in wear or even failure. This is caused by an incorrectly aligned pitch profile. This problem is often overlooked, as the teeth are in contact throughout the involute profile. This causes the load to not be evenly distributed along the contact line. Consequently, it is important to consider the effect of misalignment on the contact force on the teeth of the spline coupling.
The centre of the male spline in Figure 2 is superposed on the female spline. The alignment meshing distances are also identical. Hence, the meshing force curves will change according to the dynamic vibration displacement. It is necessary to know the parameters of a spline coupling before implementing it. In this paper, the model for misalignment is presented for spline couplings and the related parameters.
Using a self-made spline coupling test rig, the effects of misalignment on a spline coupling are studied. In contrast to the typical spline coupling, misalignment in a spline coupling causes fretting wear at a specific position on the tooth surface. This is a leading cause of failure in these types of couplings.

Wear and fatigue failure

The failure of a spline coupling due to wear and fatigue is determined by the first occurrence of tooth wear and shaft misalignment. Standard design methods do not account for wear damage and assess the fatigue life with big approximations. Experimental investigations have been conducted to assess wear and fatigue damage in spline couplings. The tests were conducted on a dedicated test rig and special device connected to a standard fatigue machine. The working parameters such as torque, misalignment angle, and axial distance have been varied in order to measure fatigue damage. Over dimensioning has also been assessed.
During fatigue and wear, mechanical sliding takes place between the external and internal splines and results in catastrophic failure. The lack of literature on the wear and fatigue of spline couplings in aero-engines may be due to the lack of data on the coupling’s application. Wear and fatigue failure in splines depends on a number of factors, including the material pair, geometry, and lubrication conditions.
The analysis of spline couplings shows that over-dimensioning is common and leads to different damages in the system. Some of the major damages are wear, fretting, corrosion, and teeth fatigue. Noise problems have also been observed in industrial settings. However, it is difficult to evaluate the contact behavior of spline couplings, and numerical simulations are often hampered by the use of specific codes and the boundary element method.
The failure of a spline gear coupling was caused by fatigue, and the fracture initiated at the bottom corner radius of the keyway. The keyway and splines had been overloaded beyond their yield strength, and significant yielding was observed in the spline gear teeth. A fracture ring of non-standard alloy steel exhibited a sharp corner radius, which was a significant stress raiser.
Several components were studied to determine their life span. These components include the spline shaft, the sealing bolt, and the graphite ring. Each of these components has its own set of design parameters. However, there are similarities in the distributions of these components. Wear and fatigue failure of spline couplings can be attributed to a combination of the 3 factors. A failure mode is often defined as a non-linear distribution of stresses and strains.

China high quality Hot High Speed Stacking Gear Drive 4 Color T-Shirt Plastic Bag Flexo Printing Machine for Sale Price   near me manufacturer China high quality Hot High Speed Stacking Gear Drive 4 Color T-Shirt Plastic Bag Flexo Printing Machine for Sale Price   near me manufacturer

China manufacturer High Speed Drive with Gear Box Glazed Tile Step Press Full Automatic Roof Tile Rolling Machine with Great quality

Product Description

High Speed Drive with Gear Box Glazed Tile Step Press Full Automatic Roof Tile Rolling Machine

The archaistic tile sheet is rolled and pressed by modular glazed roll forming machine. it enjoys good appearance,primitive simiplicity and elegance,unique style,noblest grade,and etc. It is widely used in garden style factories,scenic resorts,pavilions,hotels, villas,exhibition halls,country clubs,and so on for outdoor decorations.

Regular Profile drawing
there are many kinds of tile type for glazed tiles, please inform the drawing when inquiry to us. Our engineer will design the machine for you.

Working flow:

1.hydraulic decoiler
inner diameter:450mm to 550mm
   outer diameter:1500mm
   width:1250mm max
2. Main roll forming machine
feeding device: set up turnable rubber covered the roller on the bottom of the device;
                          the width can adjust through the hand wheels.
basic frame: 350H steel welded
machine structure: middle plate welded
roller station: 22 stations
roller material: 45# steel with quenched treatment and hard chroming 
shaft diameter: 80mm,solid
shaft material: 45# steel with tempering treatment
motor power: 5.5 kw
speed: 0-20m/min
transmission: by double chains
voltage: 380V,50HZ,3Phase

3.Cutting system
blade material: Cr12,with quenched treatment
  motor power: 4 kw
  cutting tolerance: +/-1 mm
  cooling system: With fan cooling
  cutting type: Hydraulic cutting
  feature: Low noise and high performance

4.PLC control system

PLC brand: Delta from ZheJiang
Frequency converter brand: Delta from ZheJiang
Encoder: Omron
Function: Automatic control the length,quantity and batch
5.Runout table automatic stacker
Feedback from Customers

Q1. Can you manufacture the roll forming machine according to my profile drawing or picture of finished product ?
A: Yes. Our rich experienced technical team can draft the accurate profile drawing, provide the most suitable technical solution for your required roll forming machine.
Q2. How can we be assured that you will deliver us quality machine with spare parts ?
A: 1. Customers can come to our factory, or send the technical people to our factory for checking the quality.
     2. We can send the technicians to the buyer’s factory for the installation of the machine.
Q3. What’s your payment terms and delivery time?
A: 30% as the deposit by T/T in advance, 70% as the balance payment by T/T after your inspect the machine well and before delivery. Of course your payment terms are acceptable. After we get down payment, we will arrange production. About 45 workdays for delivery.
Q4. Do you have after-sales support?
A: Yes, we are happy to provide advice and we also have skilled technicians available across the world.
Q5. Do you sell only standard machines?
A: No, most of our machines are customized according to customers specifications, also adopt top brand components.
Q6. What will you do if the machine is broken?
A: We provide 1 year free warranty and free technical support for the whole life of any machine. If the broken parts can’t repair, we can send the new parts replace the broken parts freely, but you need pay the express cost by yourself. If it is beyond the warranty period, we can negotiate to solve the problem, and we supply the technical support for the whole life of the roll forming machine.
Q7. Can you be responsible for transport?
A: Yes, please tell me the destination port or address. we have rich experience in transporting.
Q8. How to visit your company?
A:1) Fly to ZheJiang airport, By high speed train From ZheJiang Nan to HangZhou Xi (1 hour).
    2)Fly to ZheJiang airport, By high speed train From ZheJiang to HangZhou Xi (0.5 hour).
    3) Fly to ZheJiang Airport: By high speed train From ZheJiang Xihu (West Lake) Dis.ao to HangZhou Xi(4.5 hours), then we can pick up you.



Why Checking the Drive Shaft is Important

If you hear clicking noises while driving, your driveshaft may need repair. An experienced mechanic can tell if the noise is coming from 1 side or both sides. This problem is usually related to the torque converter. Read on to learn why it’s so important to have your driveshaft inspected by an auto mechanic. Here are some symptoms to look for. Clicking noises can be caused by many different things. You should first check if the noise is coming from the front or the rear of the vehicle.

hollow drive shaft

Hollow driveshafts have many benefits. They are light and reduce the overall weight of the vehicle. The largest manufacturer of these components in the world is CZPT. They also offer lightweight solutions for various applications, such as high-performance axles. CZPT driveshafts are manufactured using state-of-the-art technology. They offer excellent quality at competitive prices.
The inner diameter of the hollow shaft reduces the magnitude of the internal forces, thereby reducing the amount of torque transmitted. Unlike solid shafts, hollow shafts are getting stronger. The material inside the hollow shaft is slightly lighter, which further reduces its weight and overall torque. However, this also increases its drag at high speeds. This means that in many applications hollow driveshafts are not as efficient as solid driveshafts.
A conventional hollow drive shaft consists of a first rod 14 and a second rod 14 on both sides. The first rod is connected with the second rod, and the second rod extends in the rotation direction. The 2 rods are then friction welded to the central area of ​​the hollow shaft. The frictional heat generated during the relative rotation helps to connect the 2 parts. Hollow drive shafts can be used in internal combustion engines and environmentally-friendly vehicles.
The main advantage of a hollow driveshaft is weight reduction. The splines of the hollow drive shaft can be designed to be smaller than the outside diameter of the hollow shaft, which can significantly reduce weight. Hollow shafts are also less likely to jam compared to solid shafts. Hollow driveshafts are expected to eventually occupy the world market for automotive driveshafts. Its advantages include fuel efficiency and greater flexibility compared to solid prop shafts.

Cardan shaft

Cardan shafts are a popular choice in industrial machinery. They are used to transmit power from 1 machine to another and are available in a variety of sizes and shapes. They are available in a variety of materials, including steel, copper, and aluminum. If you plan to install 1 of these shafts, it is important to know the different types of Cardan shafts available. To find the best option, browse the catalog.
Telescopic or “Cardan” prop shafts, also known as U-joints, are ideal for efficient torque transfer between the drive and output system. They are efficient, lightweight, and energy-efficient. They employ advanced methods, including finite element modeling (FEM), to ensure maximum performance, weight, and efficiency. Additionally, the Cardan shaft has an adjustable length for easy repositioning.
Another popular choice for driveshafts is the Cardan shaft, also known as a driveshaft. The purpose of the driveshaft is to transfer torque from the engine to the wheels. They are typically used in high-performance car engines. Some types are made of brass, iron, or steel and have unique surface designs. Cardan shafts are available in inclined and parallel configurations.
Single Cardan shafts are a common replacement for standard Cardan shafts, but if you are looking for dual Cardan shafts for your vehicle, you will want to choose the 1310 series. This type is great for lifted jeeps and requires a CV-compatible transfer case. Some even require axle spacers. The dual Cardan shafts are also designed for lifts, which means it’s a good choice for raising and lowering jeeps.

universal joint

Cardan joints are a good choice for drive shafts when operating at a constant speed. Their design allows a constant angular velocity ratio between the input and output shafts. Depending on the application, the recommended speed limit may vary depending on the operating angle, transmission power, and application. These recommendations must be based on pressure. The maximum permissible speed of the drive shaft is determined by determining the angular acceleration.
Because gimbal joints don’t require grease, they can last a long time but eventually fail. If they are poorly lubricated or dry, they can cause metal-to-metal contact. The same is true for U-joints that do not have oil filling capability. While they have a long lifespan, it can be difficult to spot warning signs that could indicate impending joint failure. To avoid this, check the drive shaft regularly.
U-joints should not exceed 70 percent of their lateral critical velocity. However, if this speed is exceeded, the part will experience unacceptable vibration, reducing its useful life. To determine the best U-joint for your application, please contact your universal joint supplier. Typically, lower speeds do not require balancing. In these cases, you should consider using a larger pitch diameter to reduce axial force.
To minimize the angular velocity and torque of the output shaft, the 2 joints must be in phase. Therefore, the output shaft angular displacement does not completely follow the input shaft. Instead, it will lead or lag. Figure 3 illustrates the angular velocity variation and peak displacement lead of the gimbal. The ratios are shown below. The correct torque for this application is 1360 in-Ibs.

Refurbished drive shaft

Refurbished driveshafts are a good choice for a number of reasons. They are cheaper than brand new alternatives and generally just as reliable. Driveshafts are essential to the function of any car, truck, or bus. These parts are made of hollow metal tubes. While this helps reduce weight and expense, it is vulnerable to external influences. If this happens, it may crack or bend. If the shaft suffers this type of damage, it can cause serious damage to the transmission.
A car’s driveshaft is a critical component that transmits torque from the engine to the wheels. A1 Drive Shaft is a global supplier of automotive driveshafts and related components. Their factory has the capability to refurbish and repair almost any make or model of driveshafts. Refurbished driveshafts are available for every make and model of vehicle. They can be found on the market for a variety of vehicles, including passenger cars, trucks, vans, and SUVs.
Unusual noises indicate that your driveshaft needs to be replaced. Worn U-joints and bushings can cause excessive vibration. These components cause wear on other parts of the drivetrain. If you notice any of these symptoms, please take your vehicle to the AAMCO Bay Area Center for a thorough inspection. If you suspect damage to the driveshaft, don’t wait another minute – it can be very dangerous.

The cost of replacing the drive shaft

The cost of replacing a driveshaft varies, but on average, this repair costs between $200 and $1,500. While this price may vary by vehicle, the cost of parts and labor is generally equal. If you do the repair yourself, you should know how much the parts and labor will cost before you start work. Some parts can be more expensive than others, so it’s a good idea to compare the cost of several locations before deciding where to go.
If you notice any of these symptoms, you should seek a repair shop immediately. If you are still not sure if the driveshaft is damaged, do not drive the car any distance until it is repaired. Symptoms to look for include lack of power, difficulty moving the car, squeaking, clanking, or vibrating when the vehicle is moving.
Parts used in drive shafts include center support bearings, slip joints, and U-joints. The price of the driveshaft varies by vehicle and may vary by model of the same year. Also, different types of driveshafts require different repair methods and are much more expensive. Overall, though, a driveshaft replacement costs between $300 and $1,300. The process may take about an hour, depending on the vehicle model.
Several factors can lead to the need to replace the drive shaft, including bearing corrosion, damaged seals, or other components. In some cases, the U-joint indicates that the drive shaft needs to be replaced. Even if the bearings and u-joints are in good condition, they will eventually break and require the replacement of the drive shaft. However, these parts are not cheap, and if a damaged driveshaft is a symptom of a bigger problem, you should take the time to replace the shaft.

China manufacturer High Speed Drive with Gear Box Glazed Tile Step Press Full Automatic Roof Tile Rolling Machine   with Great qualityChina manufacturer High Speed Drive with Gear Box Glazed Tile Step Press Full Automatic Roof Tile Rolling Machine   with Great quality