pre-finishing mill for wire rod,rebar production line
The function of pre-finishing mill
In the process of high-speed wire-rod rolling, pre-finishing mill can improve the precision of the working piece to guarantee the product quality and avoid possible operation failure during the finishing mill section.The structure of framework
Its structure is 2 horizontal and 2 vertical (horizontal-vertical-horizontal-vertical; H-V-H-V) cantilever type, it is very compact, and the weight adjustment is more precise and reliable, and so to avoid possible twist rolling.
Pre-finishing mill is composed by 2 horizontal mills, 3 vertical loops, 2 vertical mills, safety cover and so on.Equipment structure
The role of transmission box is to transmit the moment outputted by reduction gear and motor to roll shafts. Horizontal box has a pair of cylindrical bevel gears; vertical box has a pair of additional spiral bevel gear beside a pair of cylindrical bevel gear. The spiral bevel gear speed ratio of the 2 vertical transmission boxes is different.
Each roller box has 1 upper roll shaft and 1 lower roll shaft; they are not meshed, and driven by a pair of cylindrical bevel gears in the transmission box.
A cantilever cylindrical roll shaft is fixed to each roll shaft; the roll shaft is fixed in the eccentric locking collar and sustained by the front and rear film bearing. Driven by the left and right feed screw and nut of the shaft gap adjustment device, the eccentric locking collar makes the upper and lower roll shaft open and shut symmetrically and evenly relate to the milling centre line, in so to achieve roll shaft gap adjustment. The roll shafts are made of tungsten carbide.
The roller box is installed with flange in plug-in method,
and convenient to assembly and disassembly, the roller box and transmission box are individual unites, during the installation, assemble the roller box and transmission box at the first stage and then fix the roller box inside the transmission box with screw bolt, the roller box is positioned by 2 locating pins to obtain accurate position. In this way, the installation can be done easily and with a shorter time, meanwhile, the pipework on the panel is reduced and make it easier for failure handling. 1, The roller gap is adjusted by using the eccentric locking collar, by adjusting the lead screw and nut , the eccentric locking collar will spin and then drive the roller shaft to move symmetrically, in so to achieve the adjustment of roller shaft gap. The best advantage of this adjustment method is that the central line will be kept unchanged.
2, By using the thrust bearing that fixed at the end of the roller shaft, we can effectively prevent the axial shift of the roller shaft, in so to ensure size accuracy of the product.
3, the size and structure of the roller box for horizontal framework and vertical framework are the same, all the parts are interchangeable.
4, the power transmission and speed control are conducted by a pair of spiral bevel gears in the transmission box, the reducer is omitted from the transmission system of the vertical rolling mill, so that the whole equipment is lighter and smaller.
5. As the horizontal framework is completely symmetrical, it can be rotated 180, so it can be shared by 2 production lines that located at its right and left side.
Xihu (West Lake) Dis. device
The entrance of roller box has installed scroll CZPT and slip guide, the exit of roller box just has slip guide, slip CZPT is lubricated by special lubrication device.
Main technical features
First mill input specification: F28~F31mm
Fourth mill output specification: F16~F20mm
The kinds of rolling steel: Carbon steel, high carbon steel, low alloy steel, welding steel, heading steel.
The temperature of rolling: 900~1050ºC
Transmission method: Direct current (DC) motor alone drives
The transmission parameter table of pre-finishing mill
|Ratio of speed
|Rotary speed of roll
|Maximum outside diameter mm
|Minimum outside diameter
Maximum rolling strength: ~240kN
Maximum rolling moment: ~6.2kN·m
Centre distance of roll shaft: F255mm~F291mm
Adjustment of roller gap: ±18 mm
Cooling water of roll shaft: consumption: 4×20 t/h
water pressure 0.6MPa
temperature of water coming: <30ºC
Roller box and reduction equipment adopt thin oil to lubricate, which is offered by workshop.
Pressure of oil: pressure in lubrication point 0.15~0.25MPa
Total consumption: 400 l/min
Oiliness: Mobil 533
Refined filter: 25μ
Axle Spindle Types and Installation
Are you looking for a new axle spindle for your vehicle? If so, you’ve come to the right place. Learn more about their types, functions, and installation. After reading this article, you’ll be well on your way to finding your new axle spindle. Axle spindles are essential to your vehicle. There are several types and each has unique characteristics. Here’s how to choose the best 1 for your car.
Axle spindle dimensions are crucial for safe wheel support. This component experiences significant stress and load during bearing mounting and must provide sufficient strength. The axle spindle can be hot-forged or shaped to include an integral shoulder. The shape of the bearing stop region must be abruptly transitioned from a straight to a curved configuration. Dimensions of axle spindle vary with different materials, manufacturing techniques, and applications.
The bearing surfaces of the axle spindle are 1.376 inches across, while the bearing spacer is 1.061 inch across. The axle spindle is 1.376 inches long and includes a cotter pin and nut. Typical axle spindle dimensions are listed below. Some axles may have additional components to reduce their weight, while others may not have any. The number of axles and bearings is also important to consider when determining the dimensions of the axle.
The outside shape of the axle spindle 40 is similar to that of the prior art spindle 10. The outer wheel bearing region 44 is cylindrical with a diameter D 1 and an inner wheel bearing region 46. An axially-separating transition region 48 separates the inner bearing region 46 from the outer wheel bearing region 44. It is important to note that the internal diameter is generally slightly larger than the outer wheel bearing region 46.
Axle spindles can be integrally formed or welded to the housing or central beam. They can also be designed differently depending on the intended function. For example, the trailer axle spindle may have a circular or rectangular cross section. Once again, axle spindles are important for safety and longevity, so it is important to know their dimensions. You can also check online for the dimensions of axle spindles.
Axle spindles are crucial components of a vehicle’s suspension system. They enable a vehicle to move forward, turn, brake, and accelerate. The axle also supports the wheel bearings. In addition to supporting the wheel hub, the axle spindle connects the arms of each wheel to the chassis. This piece is also known as a steering knuckle. The axle spindle’s job is to provide sufficient strength to support the axle.
The functional elements of an axle spindle are cylindrical and have a transition region and an outer surface with an irregular pattern. They have a first and a second diameter, and are shaped to form the spindle’s beam portion and spindle region. The transition region forms a pivotal connection between the axle and the suspension. It also provides the connection between the axle and the trailer. It allows a vehicle to rotate without causing excessive vibrations.
Axle spindles can be circular in structure and are similar to those of the prior art. They support wheel hub configurations. The first end of a spindle is threaded, while the second end is open. The outer wheel bearing region has an outer surface with a diameter D1, while the inner wheel bearing region 46 has a cylindrical outer surface with a diameter D2. The transition region separates the spindle from the rest of the axle.
The spindle nut retains the wheel hub on the spindle, whereas the spindle nut holds the hub assembly in place. A spindle nut retains the wheel on the spindle. A hub cap protects the locking nut assembly and lubrication area. A hub cap is also a common component of the axle. The hub cap also provides a protective shield for the spindle nut.
Steering axle spindles do not extend to the right of the oil seal. They extend from the steering kunckle, which is pivotally joined to the steering axle beam. Despite the differences in bearing seals, wheel hub mounting means, and brake assemblies, the basic spindle configuration is the same. A spindle consists of 2 axially separated bearing regions, 1 with a larger diameter than the other, with a bearing stop adjacent to the inner bearing region.
The axle is the basic unit of an automobile, and it includes several components. Among these are bearings, axle housings, and wheel hubs. Bearings and axle housings take on all of the radial loads placed on them during operation. As a result, they are necessary to ensure that a vehicle is able to function at its optimum level. But if you’re not sure what these components are, they can make all the difference in your ride.
Axle type depends on a number of factors, including the amount of force produced. In some cases, the vehicle already has pre-designed axles that come in standard formats, but in other cases, a customer can order a custom-made axle for the specific needs of his vehicle. Customized axles give the vehicle operator greater control over the speed and torque of the wheels. To choose the correct axle type for your vehicle, it’s helpful to know the measurements of the axle.
Axle gear sets and lubrication passages are also different. Reverse-cut gears can’t be used in place of standard cut gears, and vice-versa. The 2 types of axle are compatible, but the spline count of the differential case must match that of the axle. It’s important to remember that a different type of axle may work with a different type of machine tool.
Different axle spindle materials have their own advantages and disadvantages. Some are more durable than others, depending on their load capacity. Disc brake hubs and axle spindles are similar to the non-braking ones, but include a rotor and a caliper yoke. The yoke design on the rotor or caliper spindle is specific for each rotor.
Bearing-type axles are the most durable. They transfer the weight of the vehicle to the axle casing. The axle housing is retained by a flange bolted to the hub, and the axle bearings are secured on the spindle by a large nut. Alternatively, axles with bearings are supported solely on the axle spindle and don’t require a hub. Floating axles are typically better for long-term operation, but may be a limited choice for vehicles.
Axle spindle installation involves tightening the axle spindle nut to retain the spacer and bearing cones in position. When properly tightened, the axle spindle nut provides the clamp force required to compress the bearing spacer and bearing cone. Preloading is an important part of axle spindle installation because it optimizes bearing life by limiting the tolerance range of end play. Here are some tips on axle spindle installation.
To start the process, you should remove the axle spindle from the vehicle. If the old spindle is not a bolt-on type, a technician will need to cut the weld that holds the axle spindle in place. Then, he or she would need to thread the new spindle back into place. The axle tube must be threaded to accept the new spindle. Once the axle spindle is properly installed, the technician will need to tighten it to the specified torque.
Once the axle spindle is installed, the technician will continue tightening the nut assembly. To ensure a tight grip, the technician will rotate the outer washer while adjusting the torque level on the axle spindle nut. If the nut is not correctly torqued, it may loosen the axle spindle. In addition, improper torque can cause excessive inboard pressure on the outer nut, which can result in over or under-compression of the bearing cone.
The second axle spindle includes an inboard bearing 54 and an outboard bearing 56. The inboard bearing has an inboard surface that abuts the shoulder 26 of the axle spindle. The outboard bearing 57 is mounted on the axle spindle near its outboard end. A bearing spacer 58 is positioned between the inboard and outboard bearings. The spacer and bearing cone group comprises the bearing cones 54 and 56.
Proper alignment of the new spindle is essential for a secure fit. Taking your trailer to a licensed repair facility for a trailer spindle installation is a good idea, as a poorly installed axle can result in improper wheel tracking and premature tire wear. A licensed trailer repair facility can do this for you without much difficulty. This way, you won’t waste your time or frustration on a DIY trailer axle replacement.